Documents & Reports

Challenges in Mobilising, Retaining and Supporting Health Workers During a Period of Political Upheaval: A Case Study from Timor-Leste's Experience in 2006

This case study focused on documenting and analysing factors that are relevant to mobilising and retaining health workers to deliver health services during a period of conflict and instability. [adapted from summary]

Bridges to Health Worker Employment

Although retaining health workers in the health system is difficult, schools can create bridges that shorten the time from graduation to employment and contribute to making the transition a less frustrating experience for graduates and employers. This brief offers 12 suggestions that health professional schools, ministries of health, employer councils, and others can implement. [adapted from author]

Decision Making among Community-Based Volunteers Working in Vulnerable Children Programs

This study was collected data from caregivers who work directly with vulnerable children to explore how care decisions are made by community-based volunteers, and the utility of the Child Status Index at the community level as a job aid. [adapted from summary]

Strengthening Health Management and Leadership at the District Level: What Can We Learn from High Performing Districts in the West Java Province of Indonesia?

This study examines the performance of district health managers in high and low performing districts in an attempt to understand whether, and the extent to which, they affect the performance of their district health services. [from author]

Towards Interventions in Human Resources for Health in Ghana: Evidence for Health Workforce Planning and Results

To address the lack of information to guide the development of policies and programs on HRH, this book aims to paint a comprehensive picture on HRH, consolidating new and existing evidence. The book highlights in particular new evidence on some of the underlying determinants impacting stock, distribution and performance of health workers in Ghana, including health worker production and attrition, management and accountability structures, the capacity of health training institutions, and health worker compensation. [from author]

Health Systems Strengthening Case Study: Demonstration Project to Strengthen the Community Health Systems to Improve the Performance of Health Extension Workers to Provide Quality Care at the Community Level in Ethiopia

This report outlines a project to apply a quality improvement approach to Ethiopia’s Health Extension Program, which was designed to improve access and utilization of quality preventive, promotive and curative health care services in an accessible and equitable manner to reach all segments of the population, with special attention on mothers and children. [adapted from author]

Labor Market for Health Workers in Africa: A New Look at the Crisis

This book sheds light on the status of health worker need, supply, and distribution across Africa. It analyzes regional and country data to address six key issues: the specific levels of human resources for health in Africa; differences in human resources for health across countries; changing roles of the public and private sector in the healthworker market; motivation for health worker performance; health worker training; and producing health workers. [adapted from author]

Pay-for-Performance Incentives in Low- and Middle-Income Country Health Programs

This chapter surveys experience with performance pay in developing country health programs focusing on four key conceptual issues: what to reward, who to reward, how to reward, and what unintended consequences might performance incentives create. [adapted from abstract]

Framework for the Development of Human Resources in the Pharmaceutical Sector

This report describes key pharmaceutical human resource issues, the proceeding of the pharmaceutical human resources consultation meeting, steps leading to the development of the human resources strategy and the pharmaceutical human resources strategy framework which sets out a strategic agenda for action to address capacity issues in the pharmaceutical sector. [adapted from introduction]

National Human Resources for Health Strategic Plan for Sudan 2012-2016

This strategic plan for HRH in Sudan is introduced with the aim of guiding the efforts and further work in developing human resource plans at different levels of the health system in a comprehensive approach that considers all dimensions of HRH. The plan defines the priorities of HR issues; and accordingly recommends strategic goals and objectives to revive and improve HRH policies, planning, production, distribution and HR management systems to improve individual performance and training services. [from summary]

Assessment of Human Resources at the Pharmaceutical Sector

The main objective of this assessment was to determine human resources availability in the pharmaceutical sector in Sudan. The assessment was done in six states and included the Ministry of Health and its agencies, pharmacy education providers, public health facilities, private retail pharmacies, pharmaceutical manufacturers and local pharmaceutical companies. [adapted from author]

Continuing Professional Development Policy (Sudan)

This document aims to serve as a policy guide for the provision of continuing professional development (CPD) to health care professionals affiliated with Federal and State ministries of Health in Sudan. This policy framework sets regulations, standards and norms. [adapted from author]

Enhancing Nursing and Midwifery Capacity to Contribute to the Prevention, Treatment and Managment of Noncommunicable Diseases

This document includes evidence-based examples of value-added nursing interventions to address noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and reduce the associated risk factors. It also proposes methods for implementing changes in education and clinical practice to strengthen nurses and midwives’ capacity to help prevent, screen and detect NCDs, and then treat and rehabilitate those suffering such diseases. [adapted from summary]

Analysis of Human Resources for Health in African Portuguese Speaking Countries (PALOP)

The report provides available data on the health workforce in PALOP. Its purpose is to support the responsible staff and partners to identify the needs for intervention, in order to improve the national and regional capacity for the development of human resources for health. [from summary]

Technical Report on Electronic Health Management Information System (eHMIS)

This document outlines the development and scale up of a health management information system in Ethiopia as a core information component of effective health care delivery whose aim is to improve management and optimum use of resources for making timely decisions. [adapted from author]

Migration and Mobility of Skilled Health Workers from Selected Pacific Island Countries

This report examines international and internal migration of skilled health workers (SHW) from six Pacific Island countries (Cook Islands, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu) to review recent data and research concerned with migration of SHWs and to present estimates of the numbers of SHWs from the selected countries who were working within the health sector of an overseas country around the year 2000. [adapted from summary]

Addressing Barriers to Inter-Sectoral Collaboration between Health, Education and Welfare Sectors in Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Service Delivery in the Solomon Islands

This study gathered information on adolescent sexual and reproductive services and educati on provision in the Solomon Islands and explored ways in which collaboration between the health, education and youth sectors could be feasibly enhanced. [from summary]

Because Health Workers Matter: They Need Our Support

This advocacy document details the contributions of African Christian Health Associations in addressing health worker shortage including: developing and implementing sound HRH management policies, investing in human resources information systems, addressing health worker attraction and retention, and monitoring & evaluating progress and results of faith based-organizations’ HRH intiatives. [adapted from author]

Scaling up Health Worker Production: The Bottlenecks and Best Buys Approach

This technical brief presents an overview of an approach to help identify critical bottlenecks to providing quality preservice education and prioritize affordable actions for increasing the quantity of graduates while maintaining or improving the quality of education. [from publisher]

Human Resources for Health Professional Development at the District Level: Recommendations Based on the Ugandan Experience

This report shares lessons learned from Uganda and, using this experience as a foundation, offers selected suggestions for how other countries might develop and implement HRH professional development programs at subnational levels. [from publisher]

Innovative Financing Options for the Preservice Education of Health Professionals

This technical brief presents a summary of the forms of financing proposed or documented through an exploration of innovative solutions for the financing of health worker education. [from publisher]

Unregulated and Unaccountable: How the Private Health Care Sector in India is Putting Women's Lives at Risk

This document argues that the gap left by the public health system combined with a government policy of proactively promoting the private sector has led to the proliferation of private health providers which are unregulated, unaccountable and untrained, causing a serious threat to women’s health. [adapted from author]

How to Conduct a Discrete Choice Experiment for Health Workforce Recruitment and Retention in Remote and Rural Areas: A User Guide with Case Studies

This guide aims to provide easy-to-read information and step-by-step advice on a quantitative research method that can help identify appropriate policy responses to health workforce shortages in remote and rural areas. It uses two case studies to illustrate the challenges and the ways to overcome them in conducting the work. [from author]

Retaining Doctors in Rural Zambia: A Policy Issue

This paper creates awareness of the current human resource crisis that Zambia is facing, taking into account the few doctors serving rural communities in the country; and argues that the main driver of doctors’ exodus out of the country is the search for better conditions of service. The paper presents the advantages and disadvantages of various policy options geared toward stemming the tide of doctors leaving the country, primarily through creating greater incentives for doctors to stay. [from author]

Strengthening Human Resources for Adolescent Health in Sri Lanka through Health and Education Sector Collaboration

This study found that intersectoral collaboration would ensure effiecient use of current health care workforce to improve the provision of health services and information to adolescents. [adapted from author]

Strengthening Human Resources Information Systems: Experiences from Bihar and Jharkhand, India

This technical brief outlines a human resources information system pilot project in India and presents the key results from this effort. [adapted from author]

Building Bridges to Sustainable Human Resources for Health Development: Annual Report 2012

This aim of this report is to document the goals, contributions and achievements of the Directorate General of Human Resources for Health Development (DGHRD). The report is in three sections: an introduction to HRH with reference to its importance to the health system; annual plans, achievements and drawbacks of the institutes and sub-directorates in 2012; the DGHRD vision for 2013 and statement on the way forward. [adapted from author]

Hotline HRH January 2013

This edition of Hotline, an HRH newletter focused on the needs of faith-based organizations (FBOs) in Africa, highlights resources, trainings and workshops, articles of interest and other information for FBO HRH pracitioners.

Health Care in Danger: The Responsibilities of Health-Care Personnel Working in Armed Conflicts and Other Emergencies

This guide is intended to help health-care personnel adapt their working methods to the exigencies of armed conflicts and other emergencies. [from author]

Innovating to Save Lives: Improving Maternal and Newborn Health in Afghanistan

This report outlines the outcomes on maternal and child health of a program focused on building a competent, skilled health workforce in Afghanistan, strengthening delivery of quality health care services, increasing demand for health services, integrating gender awareness and practices into health care services and sustaining systemwide progress. [adapted from author]