Education and Training

Integration of Gender-Transformative Interventions into Health Professional Education Reform for the 21st century: Implications of an Expert Review

The paper’s broad aim is to encourage HPE [Health Professional education] leaders to make gender-transformative reforms in the current way of doing business and commit to themselves to countering gender discrimination and inequality. Interventions to counter gender discrimination should be seen as integral parts of institutional and instructional reforms and essential investments to scale up quality HPE and recruit and retain health workers in the systems that educate and employ them. Implementation challenges spanning financial, informational, and cultural barriers need consideration.

A Partnership Model for the Training and Professional Development of Health-Care Staff in Low-Resource Settings

The model of “health partnerships” or “twinning” between hospitals or health-care training institutions in high-income countries and those in low- or middle-income countries (LMIC) has a role to play in addressing global deficiencies in the quantity, quality and accessibility of human resources for cancer control. [from abstract]

Identifying Approaches and Tools for Evaluating Community-Based Medical Education Programmes in Africa

This article outlines the process of identifying tools that, with modification, could assist in the evaluation of Community-Based Education programmes in participating Medical Education Partnership Initiative schools, funded by PEPFAR.

Enhancing the Quality of Clinical Clerkships in a Resource Limited Settings Medical School: Northern Tanzania

To reduce healthcare worker shortages in sub-Saharan Africa, medical schools have increased enrolment. However, this
expansion has not been accompanied by adequate increases in faculty size or physical infrastructure.
Consequently, classes are overcrowded, and may lead to reduction in the quality of training, especially during clinical clerkships. Aiming to expose medical students to rural working environments and reduce overcrowding at the
main teaching hospital, in 2012 Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College(KCMUCo) introduced a 12-week clerkship

Enhancing Public Health Practice through a Capacity-Building Educational Programme: An Evaluation

The Post-Graduate Diploma in Public Health Management, launched by the Govt. of India under the aegis of the National Rural Health Mission in 2008, aims to enhance the managerial capabilities of public health professionals to improve the public health system. The Govt. of India invested enormous resources into this programme and requested an evaluation to understand the current processes, assess the graduates’work performance and identify areas for improvement. [from abstract]

Learning from the Innovative Open Practices of Three International Health Projects: IACAPAP, VCPH and Physiopedia

This paper evaluates the open educational practices (OEP) of three global health projects operating outside academia—the International Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions (IACAPAP), the Virtual Campus of
Public Health (VCPH), and Physiopedia. [from abstract]

Regional Strategy on Strengthening Health Workforce Education and Training in South - East Asia Region (2014 – 2019)

The Regional strategy on strengthening health workforce education and training in the South-East Asia Region specifically identifying priority activities to be initiated by WHO and Member countries, will guide and facilitate country initiatives on strengthening health workforce. WHO is totally committed to play the lead role in catalysing the implementation of this regional strategy. [from abstract]

Ethics Issues and Training Needs of Mental Health Practitioners in a Rural Setting

The intended goal was to obtain direct feedback about ethical issues and ethical training
needs from practitioners themselves who work in rural settings. Results identified three primary
ethical issues: dual relationships, confidentiality, and competence; and three primary ethical training needs: boundaries, state rules and regulations, and supervision. [from abstract]

ASH mHealth Compendium Fourth Edition

Mobile and wireless technologies assist health projects in accurately assessing the needs of a target population, collecting and disseminating relevant information, and delivering cost effective health services. [from introduction]

Towards an Health Sciences Education Charter: Building an India Relevant Paradigm

It is hoped that this background paper supported by the interactive discussions at the convention will help all of us including the People’s Council of Education to initiate a strong countervailing process and movement which will stimulate a re-thinking in the direction content and relevance of health sciences education in the country making it more relevant to people’s needs and health for All. [from introduction]

Access to Optometric Education: Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa

Access to education was identified as a key international priority by UNESCO as far back as 1998 when it called for “equality of access”. A qualitative research design framed in phenomenology was used to conduct structured
interviews with academic leaders in optometry across SSA. Finance for tuition and student maintenance,
lack of knowledge of optometry and optometrists, high admission criteria, limited spaces at institutions, poor
mathematics and science results, gender inequalities and geographical location were cited as barriers to
optometric education. [adapted from abstract]

Scaling Up Health Workforce Education and Training: Guide for Applying the Bottlenecks and Best Buys Approach

Bottlenecks and Best Buys Approach is designed to help educational institutions identify obstacles to increasing the production of competent and qualified graduates that can be overcome through limited yet strategic investments. This guide draws from the project’s experience of adapting and applying the approach in more than 30 nursing, midwifery, medical, health assistant, and community health extension worker schools, both public and privately owned, in seven African countries. [from introduction]

Transforming Health Professions' Education through In-Country Collaboration: Examining the Consortia Between African Medical Schools Catalyzed by the Medical Education Partnership Initiative

African medical schools have historically turned to northern partners for technical assistance and resources to strengthen their education and research programmes. In 2010, this paradigm shifted when the United States Government brought forward unprecedented resources to support African medical schools. The grant, entitled the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) triggered a number of south-south collaborations between medical schools
in Africa. This paper examines the goals of these partnerships and their impact on medical education and health workforce planning. [from abstract]

eLearning for Undergraduate Health Professional Education - A Systematic Review Informing a Radical Transformation of Health Workforce Development

The review is based on a rigorous search, analysis and presentation of data that provides decision-makers with an up-to-date picture of current knowledge on eLearning for undergraduate professional education. It responds to a need at the country level for evidence to inform and guide health professional education as an important vehicle in preparing health professionals to be ‘fit-for-purpose’. [from resource]

Does Different Stages of Medical Education Will Bring Changes In Attitude Towards Rural Health Services?

To know attitude for rural health service in students of different stages of medical education like undergraduate (third year MBBS students), internship doing student and pos graduates students. [from abstract]

Global Medical Education Partnerships to Expand Specialty Expertise: A Case Report on Building Neurology Clinical and Research Capacity

This report describes a US National Institute of Health (NIH) funded Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) to enhance expertise in neurology, developed between Makerere University College of Health Sciences in Kampala, Uganda, and Case Western
Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland, OH, USA. [from abstract]

The Dean’s Dashboard: Strengthening School Management through Information and Informed Decision-Making

When aligned with a school’s strategic planning efforts, the Dean’s Dashboard offers the potential for regular reports on progress toward strategic goals as well as management information in a form that is easily accessible to institutional leaders. As an open source application, it is an affordable tool for information management and presentation. [from introduction]

Charting a Course to Competency An Approach to Mapping Public Health Core Competencies to Existing Trainings

Consistent with other professional fields, the goals of public health training have moved from a focus on knowledge transfer to the development of skills or competencies. This article describes a process for mapping competencies to the learning objectives, assignments, and assessments of existing trainings. The process presented could be used by any training center or organization that seeks to connect public health workforce competencies to previously developed instruction. [from abstract]

Reaching Men Who Have Sex with Men in Ghana through Social Media: A Pilot Intervention

The use of social media is a very important avenue for reaching MSM who are not reached by peer educators in Ghana. The method should be adopted as an integral outreach approach for HIV-prevention interventions in the future.[from abstract]

Getting Healthier Around the World: Information and Communication Technologies for Child Health and Development

To celebrate Universal Children’s Day 2013, this report was commissioned by Sesame Workshop to achieve two objectives: (1) to explore current and future opportunities in the use of mobile phones and other relevant information and communications technologies (ICTs) for improving the health and development of young children as investments for a better future, and (2) to provide guidance and recommendations for partnerships, institutions or organizations interested in contributing to this field. [from executive summary]

Social Service Workforce Training in the West and Central Africa Region

The focus of this study is to better understand how social workers and related professionals are
trained and educated—both formally and informally—to engage in social work practice, especially as it is related to child protection, in the West and Central Africa region. [from executive summary]

Nursing Education: The Past, Present and Future

The purpose of the paper is provide a brief review of the evolution of nursing education in the United States and globally, describe the current and projected state of nursing education, and discuss some pressing challenges educators face as they strive to meet the charge to prepare nurses to care for more complex patients situated in ever-changing health-care systems. [from abstract]

Effective Strategies for Global Health Research, Training and Clinical Care: A Narrative Review

The purpose of this narrative review was to synthesize the evidence on effective strategies for global health research, training and clinical care in order to identify common structures that have been used to guide program development. [from abstract]

Improving Teamwork in Healthcare: Current Approaches and the Path Forward

Teams are larger and more dispersed in time and space, and there are now many more types of teams. They vary from teams whose members repeatedly work together over many years (eg, highly specialised cardiac surgery teams) to teams that are formed quickly and temporarily to resuscitate a patient. Teams are also formed for quality improvement (QI) projects, and they may work together for a few months or a few years. Unfortunately, education for healthcare professionals in most parts of the world still assumes that healthcare teams are like those during my grandfather’s time.

Knowledge and Health Information Communication in Tanzania

The objective of this study is to explore and identify gaps in knowledge and information communication at all levels of health delivery system in Tanzania. [adapted from abstract]

Models of Education in Medicine, Public Health, and Engineering

Discussion on global health in both the academic and the public domain has focused largely on research, capacity building, and service delivery. Although these efforts along with financial commitments from public and private partners have contributed to a broader appreciation and understanding of global health challenges, the reflection of global health in academic training has largely been lacking. However, integrative models are beginning to appear.

Research Capacity and Training Needs for Non-Communicable Diseases in the Public Health Arena in Turkey

The aim of this study is to define the research capacity and training needs for professionals working on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the public health arena in Turkey. [from abstract]

Health Professional School Leadership and Health Sector Reform, Performance, and Practice

Health professional schools are important in that they produce health workers, the major input in the health system. Not only are labor costs a central part of the health budget, but the majority of all health system costs are determined by health worker variables. The practice behaviors and personal preferences of health workers will determine the communities in which they work and whether they practice primary or specialty care. In some countries, the amount of study and the magnitude of educational debt with which health workers graduate also significantly affect their practice behavior.

Achieving the Millennium Development Goals in Africa: Harnessing E-Learning Potentials

This paper explores how e-learning is situated in the drive towards realization of MDGs [Millennium Development Goals] in the African continent.

Transforming and Scaling Up Health Workforce Education and Training for Health Equity

CapacityPlus hosted a knowledge-sharing and dissemination event at the National Press Club in Washington, DC, on March 18. The three-hour program featured presentations on key messages from the 2014 Prince Mahidol Award Conference, which focused on transformative learning for health equity; the World Health Organization’s recommendations for health worker education and retention; and innovative approaches and tools developed by CapacityPlus in collaboration with global and national partners.