Pre-Service Education

Assessment of Quality and Relevance of Curricula Development in Health Training Institutions: A Case Study of Kenya

The study recommended reviews of curricula to ensure their responsiveness to emerging issues in the health sector, the formation of curriculum committees to review curricula, development of official curricula review standards and an integrated mechanism to disseminate policies and guidelines. [from abstract]

Career Intentions Of Final Year Medical Students in Uganda After Graduating: The Burden of Brain Drain

Uganda has severe shortage of human resources for health despite the heavy disease burden. The country has one of the highest fertility, and population growth rates in the world and is in dire need of trained health workers. The aim of the study was to determine the career intentions of the final year medical students to leave the county and health field after graduating and the associated factors. [from abstract]

Maximizing the Impact of Training Initiatives for Health Professionals in Low-Income Countries: Frameworks, Challenges, and Best Practices

The best practices adopted by these initiatives are: alignment to local priorities, country ownership, competency-based training, institutional capacity building, and the establishment of long-lasting partnerships with international stakeholders. Based on these best practices, we outline a framework for health professional training initiatives that can help better address the health workforce shortage in low-income countries.[from introduction]

Enhancing the Quality of Clinical Clerkships in a Resource Limited Settings Medical School: Northern Tanzania

To reduce healthcare worker shortages in sub-Saharan Africa, medical schools have increased enrolment. However, this
expansion has not been accompanied by adequate increases in faculty size or physical infrastructure.
Consequently, classes are overcrowded, and may lead to reduction in the quality of training, especially during clinical clerkships. Aiming to expose medical students to rural working environments and reduce overcrowding at the
main teaching hospital, in 2012 Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College(KCMUCo) introduced a 12-week clerkship

Enhancing Public Health Practice through a Capacity-Building Educational Programme: An Evaluation

The Post-Graduate Diploma in Public Health Management, launched by the Govt. of India under the aegis of the National Rural Health Mission in 2008, aims to enhance the managerial capabilities of public health professionals to improve the public health system. The Govt. of India invested enormous resources into this programme and requested an evaluation to understand the current processes, assess the graduates’work performance and identify areas for improvement. [from abstract]

The Effect of Pre-Service Training on Post-Graduation Skill and Knowledge Retention Among Mid-Level Healthcare Providers in Mozambique

To evaluate the effort, data was collected at graduation and 10 months later from pre-revision (initial) and revised curriculum TMGs to determine the following: (1) Did cohorts trained in the revised curriculum score higher on measurements of clinical knowledge, physical exam procedures, and solving clinical case scenarios than those trained in the initial curriculum; (2) Did TMGs in both curricula retain their knowledge over time (from baseline to follow-up); and (3) Did skills and knowledge retention differ over time by curricula? Post-graduation and over time results are presented.

Access to Optometric Education: Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa

Access to education was identified as a key international priority by UNESCO as far back as 1998 when it called for “equality of access”. A qualitative research design framed in phenomenology was used to conduct structured
interviews with academic leaders in optometry across SSA. Finance for tuition and student maintenance,
lack of knowledge of optometry and optometrists, high admission criteria, limited spaces at institutions, poor
mathematics and science results, gender inequalities and geographical location were cited as barriers to
optometric education. [adapted from abstract]

Quality Assurance of Pharmacy Education: The FIP Global Framework

The Framework is offered primarily as a tool – to be used in whole or in part - to facilitate the establishment of systems of quality assurance in countries where no such formal systems exist or for improvement of existing systems. Where regional similarities and collaborations exist, the Framework may also be applied at a regional rather than national level. [from forward]

Note:This document is an updated and expanded version of the FIP Global Framework for Quality Assurance of Pharmacy Education Version 1, adopted by the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) in 2008.

Examining the Teaching Roles and Experiences of Non-Physician Health Care Providers in Family Medicine Education: A Qualitative Study

Primary Care reform in Canada and globally has encouraged the development of interprofessional
primary care initiatives. This has led to significant involvement of non-physician Health Care Providers (NPHCPs) in the teaching of medical trainees. The objective of this study was to understand the experiences, supports and challenges facing non-physician health care providers in Family Medicine education. [from abstract]

The Impact of Student-Centered Pedagogy on Training in a Pediatrics Course

This study aimed to determine the attitudes of students towards learning method based on problem solving as a student-centered and their satisfaction from the student-centered learning method in the medical students of Mashhad University of Medical Science.

University Education for Nurses: A Response to the Challenges Facing Health Systems / La Formation Universitaire des Infirmières et Infirmiers: Une Réponse Aux Defis des Systèmes de Santé

This dissertation attempts to explain why nurses should have access to university education for 1st, 2nd and 3rd cycles in nursing. Nursing expertise is indeed one of the conditions for an adequate response to the health challenges of the twenty-first century. [from introduction]

Ce mémoire tente d’expliquer pourquoi les infirmières et les infirmiers doivent avoir accès à la formation universitaire de 1er, 2e et 3e cycles en sciences infirmières. L’expertise infirmière est en effet l’une des conditions d’une réponse adéquate aux défis de santé du XXIe siècle.

eLearning for Undergraduate Health Professional Education - A Systematic Review Informing a Radical Transformation of Health Workforce Development

The review is based on a rigorous search, analysis and presentation of data that provides decision-makers with an up-to-date picture of current knowledge on eLearning for undergraduate professional education. It responds to a need at the country level for evidence to inform and guide health professional education as an important vehicle in preparing health professionals to be ‘fit-for-purpose’. [from resource]

Does Different Stages of Medical Education Will Bring Changes In Attitude Towards Rural Health Services?

To know attitude for rural health service in students of different stages of medical education like undergraduate (third year MBBS students), internship doing student and pos graduates students. [from abstract]

Competency-Based Medical Education in Two Sub-Saharan African Medical Schools

This paper presents two medical schools, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, which successfully implemented CBME [Competency-Based Medical Education]. The processes of curriculum revision are described and common themes are highlighted. Both schools used similar processes in developing their CBME curricula, with early and significant stakeholder involvement. [from abstract]

Financing Medical Education through the Private Sector

From 2010 through 2013, the SHOPS project implemented a series of pilot activities to explore the feasibility of introducing private sector health education financing mechanisms. SHOPS explored private sector solutions to help meet ambitious targets from the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief for training new health care workers. This report shares the project’s work with private pre-service education financing in Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Zambia.

Small Group Effectiveness in a Caribbean Medical School’s Problem-Based Learning Sessions

The Tutorial Group Effectiveness Instrument was developed to provide objective information on the effectiveness of small groups. Student perception of small group effectiveness during the problem base learning (PBL) process has not been previously studied in Xavier University School of Medicine (Aruba, Kingdom of the Netherlands); hence, the present study was carried out. [from abstract]

“Negotiating, Navigating, and Networking”: Three Strategies Used by Nursing Leaders to Shape the Adoption and Incorporation of Simulation into Nursing Curricula—A Grounded Theory Study

Implementing simulation requires a substantial commitment of human and financial resources. Despite this, little is known about the strategies used by academic nursing leaders to facilitate the implementation of a simulation program in nursing curricula. [from abstract]

Patient Safety Curriculum Guide for Medical Schools

The WHO Patient Safety Curriculum Guide for Medical Schools, published in 2009 aims to encourage and facilitate the teaching of patient safety topics to medical students.

Impact and Sustainability of an Accredited Paediatric Nursing Training Programme in Ghana

In this qualitative descriptive study, we explored the perceived impact and sustainability of the first accredited
Paediatric Nursing Training Programme (PNTP) in Ghana, established in 2010 by a north-south Ghanaian-Canadian
partnership to address child health care access and quality issues in the country. [from abstract]

A Review of the Literature on Teamwork Competencies in Healthcare Practice and Training: Implications for Undergraduate Medical Education

Successful teamwork is being recognized as a necessity for many aspects of effective healthcare and team training has proved effective in improving teamwork in healthcare. Therefore it is important to recognize the competencies of teamwork relevant to undergraduate medical education. This review of the literature draws on the teamwork competencies as discussed through diverse contexts of healthcare practice and health professions education and summarizes the competencies that are required with emphasis on undergraduate medical education. [from abstract]

Offline eLearning for Undergraduates in Health Professions: A Systematic Review of the Impact on Knowledge, Skills, Attitudes and Satisfaction

The world is short of 7.2 million health–care workers and this figure is growing. The shortage of teachers is even greater, which limits traditional education modes. eLearning may help overcome this training need. Offline eLearning is useful in remote and resource–limited settings with poor internet access. To inform investments in offline eLearning, we need to establish its effectiveness in terms of gaining knowledge and skills, students’ satisfaction and attitudes towards eLearning. [from abstract]

The Nursing Education Partnership Initiative (NEPI): Innovations in Nursing and Midwifery Education

The Nursing Education Partnership Initiative (NEPI) was established in 2011 by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in response to key capacity-building challenges facing preservice nursing and midwifery education in Sub-Saharan Africa. NEPI has formed partnerships with governments and key stakeholders in Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, and Zambia and supports 19 nursing and midwifery education institutions and 1 nursing council.

Community-Based Education Programs in Africa: Faculty Experience Within the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) Network

This paper examines the various models, challenges, and evaluative efforts of community-based education (CBE) programs at Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) schools and makes recommendations to strengthen those programs in the African context. [from abstract]

An Analysis of Pre-Service Family Planning Teaching in Clinical and Nursing Education in Tanzania

In efforts to improve the quality of FP (Family Planning) services in Tanzania, including provider skills, this study sought to identify gaps in pre-service FP teaching and suggest opportunities for strengthening the training. [from abstract]

An Interventional Model to Develop Health Professionals in West Africa

The health sector is characterized by a human resource base lacking in numbers, specialized skills, and management skills. West African Health Organization (WAHO) recognizes the need within the West Africa sub-region for bilingual professionals who are skilled in public health, management, leadership, and information technology to build human capacity in public health and developed the Young Professionals Internship Program (YPIP). Our study explores the evolution of the programme. [from abstract]

Assessing Study Skills Among a Sample of University Students: An Iranian Survey

Numerous studies have revealed that study skills have a constructive role on the academic performance of students, in addition to educational quality, students’ intelligence, and their affective characteristics. This study aims to examine study skills and the factors influencing them among the health sciences students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences in Iran. [from abstract]

Hardy Personality and Burnout Syndrome Among Nursing Students in Three Brazilian Universities—An Analytic Study

Nursing students may exhibit the characteristics of resistance to stress, such as hardiness, which can reduce the risk of burnout. However, we found only one published study about these phenomena among nursing students. Thus, we investigated the association between hardiness and burnout in such students. [from abstract]

Reforming Health Education Institutions to Eliminate Gender Discrimination

CapacityPlus compiled and analyzed literature on gender discrimination in higher education, including health worker preservice education. Additional information was gathered by contacting institution staff and reviewing institutional websites. Presented at the 2014 Prince Mahidol Award Conference in Pattaya, Thailand on January 27–31, 2014, this poster summarizes the review, highlights lessons learned by the Kenya Medical Training College, and recommends key actions that stakeholders can take at institutional and governmental levels to counter gender discrimination.

Do Medical Students Want to Learn About Global Health?

The main objectives of this study were to establish the views of medical students on learning about women’s and children’s health in low-income countries, to identify the nature and extent of learning already experienced, and to assess the demand for such learning. [from abstract]

Private Sector Participation in Preservice Health Education

Building on the experience in several countries, this course draws on practices and analyses to provide participants with an understanding of factors bearing on the success of private sector health education and training.