Pre-Service Education

Training of Human Resources for Health in Africa

Traditionally, training institutions have in the main adopted the training programmes of rich countries. Graduates from these programmes have not usually been suitably adapted to the needs of the communities where the vast majority of people live. As such, their practice has not been based on an appropriate consideration of the social determinants of health. Graduates have offered services which have neglected key aspects of people’s living and working circumstances and lifestyles as well as the health implications of economic policies. [from abstract]

Recent Innovations in Education of Human Resources for Health

This paper reviews recent innovations in education for human resources for health (HRH). The paper outlines the rationale for HRH education, identifies shortcomings in HRH education, and addresses the global contents of educational programs and trends. Recent changes in didactic approaches used in HRH educational programs are analyzed. The paper concludes with an evaluation of innovations and a set of recommendations. [adapted from author]

Preservice Implementation Guide: A Process for Strengthening Preservice Education

This guide describes the step-by-step process used to create a positive environment on the national level for strengthening medical, nursing, and preservice education, and the steps on the institutional level to improve the existing curriculum and its implementation. Adapted from the World Health Organization’s 2001 document Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI): Planning, Implementing and Evaluating Pre-Service Education.

Appraisal of the Institutional Training Arrangement for Community Health Workers in Bangladesh

This research sheds light on the nature, design and provision of institutional services for providing training to the premier community health service providers in the public sector in Bangladesh. Virtually no major study exists on the training of the FWVs in the country. The methodology of the research mainly consists of a personal interview and questionnaire survey, covering the concerned trainers and officials of the major public health administration and training institutions of the country, including the National Institute of Population Research and Training, the Family Planning Directorate and the Family Welfare Visitors’ Training Institute.

Crafting Institutional Responses to HIV/AIDS: Guidelines and Resources for Tertiary Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa

Four articles by separate authors on institutional responses and policies for managing HIV/AIDS in Africa, with specific emphasis on the role of tertiary institutions, such as schools and colleges. The articles are not specific to health training institutions, but are relevant to this context.

Attitudes of Nursing Students of Kolkata Toward Caring for HIV/AIDS Patients

This study examines the attitudes of nursing students toward caring for HIV/AIDS patients and their knowledge and perceptions about the disease. Findings revealed a very positive outlook of the nursing students in regards to caring for HIV/AIDS patients. Although most of them expressed their willingness to take any job offer concerning caring for HIV/AIDS patients, 34.3% apprehended resistance from their family members in this regard. However, they also considered that it would be possible for them to overcome the resistance. Although 100% of the students had heard of HIV/AIDS, a number of them had misconceptions about various aspects of the disease.