Barriers and Motivators to Early Utilization of Ante Natal Care Services in Chipinge South District in Zimbabwe: A Qualitative Study

Zimbabwe is ranked amongst the countries with highest maternal mortality rate in the world. Lack of early Ante
Natal Care (ANC) use and home deliveries by pregnant women are amongst the drivers of maternal mortality in the
country. The study therefore delved on identifying barriers and motivators to early use of ANC and delivering at health
facilities in Chipinge South District [from abstract]

Lessons on Attraction and Retention of Health Staff

This predominantly quantitative research paper interrogates the attraction and retention of health professionals at eleven randomly selected health centres in Gweru municipality, Zimbabwe. [from abstract]

Work Experience, Job-Fulfillment and Burnout among VMMC Providers in Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe

This analysis examines this issue of performance and attrition in [voluntary medical male circumcision] programs by looking descriptively at job-fulfillment and burnout. [from introduction]

Traditional Birth Attendants and Policy Ambivalence in Zimbabwe

This paper analyses the importance of the services rendered by traditional birth attendants (TBAs) to pregnantwomen in Zimbabwe.It argues that, though an integral part of the health system, the ambivalence in terms of policy on the part of the government leaves them in a predicament. [from abstract]

Removing Financial Barriers to Access Reproductive, Maternal and Newborn Health Services: The Challenges and Policy Implications for Human Resources for Health

This research aimed to assess how policies reducing demand-side barriers to access to health care have affected service delivery with a particular focus on human resources for health using case studies in five countries (Ghana, Nepal, Sierra Leone, Zambia and Zimbabwe). In each the authors reviewed financing and HRH policies, considered the impact financing policy change had made on health service utilization rates, analysed the distribution of health staff and their actual and potential workloads, and compared remuneration terms in the public sectors. [from abstract]

Human Resource Implications of Improving Financial Risk Protection for Mothers and Newborns in Zimbabwe

There is a growing consensus that user fees undermine equitable access to essential health care in many low and middle income countries. Changes to fees have major implications for human resources for health (HRH), though the linkages are rarely explicitly examined. This study aimed to examine the inter-linkages in Zimbabwe in order to generate lessons for HRH and fee policies, with particular respect to reproductive, maternal and newborn health. [from abstract]

District Health Executives in Midlands Province, Zimbabwe: Are They Performing as Expected?

This study investigated the reasons for the poor performance of the district health executives reported by provincial health managers in the Midlands province of Zimbabwe. [adapted from abstract]

In Zimbabwe: Integrating Supply Chain Management into Pre-Service Training of Pharmacists, Pharmacy Technicians and Nurses

This brief oulines an initiative to implement a pre-service training strategy for pharmacists, pharmacy technicians and nurses that is expected to strengthen in-country capacity to manage national supply chains and ensure uninterrupted access to essential health commodities. [adapted from author]

Problem-Solving Therapy for Depression and Common Mental Disorders in Zimbabwe: Piloting a Task-Shifting Primary Mental Health Care Intervention in a Population with a High Prvalence of People Living with HIV

This article outlines the pilot of a low-cost multi-component intervention for depression and other common mental disorders, locally adapted from problem-solving therapy and delivered by trained and supervised female lay workers, to learn if was feasible and possibly effective and how best to implement it on a larger scale. [adapted from abstract]

Improving Performance of Healthcare Providers Through Structured On-the-Job Training: A Pilot Test in Zimbabwe and Kenya

This pilot-test evaluation looked at feasibility as well as acceptability of structured on the job training as an intervention to improve the performance of providers. [from author]

Developing National Training Materials for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: The Zimbabwe Experience

This chapter describes Zimbabwe’s experiences in developing national prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in-service and preservice training materials for facility and community-based health workers. It also discusses the specific challenges associated with training materials development in the context of the Zimbabwean national health system. [from author]

HRH Country Profiles

The HRH country profiles serve as a tool for systematically presenting the HRH situation, policies and management. They are expected to help to monitor trends, generate regional HRH overviews, provide comparable data between countries and identify points for focused action in countries. They will also serve for a comparison of countries’ responses to similar HRH challenges.

Increasing Leadership Capacity for HIV/AIDS Programs by Strengthening Public Health Epidemiology and Management Training in Zimbabwe

This paper describes a programme in Zimbabwe aimed at responding more effectively to the HIV/AIDS epidemic by reinforcing a critical competence-based training institution and producing public health leaders. [adapted from abstract]

Caring from Within: Key Findings and Policy Recommendations on Home-Based Care in Zimbabwe

In Zimbabwe, as in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, home-based care (HBC) plays a vital role in the response to HIV as overwhelmed public health and welfare systems fail to cope with the demands of the epidemic. This document details a project designed to contribute to better understanding and evidence-based decision-making in the implementation of HBC interventions in Zimbabwe and beyond. [adapted from executive summary]

Assessment of Human Resources for Health Using Cross-National Comparison of Facility Surveys in Six Countries

Health facility assessments are being increasingly used to measure and monitor indicators of health workforce performance, but the global evidence base remains weak. The World Health Organization coordinated a series of facility-based surveys using a common approach in six countries: Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Jamaica, Mozambique, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. The objectives were to inform the development and monitoring of human resources for health policy within the countries; and to test and validate the use of standardized facility-based human resources assessment tools across different contexts.

Participation of Traditional Birth Attendants in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Services in Two Rural Districts in Zimbabwe: a Feasibility Study

Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV is among the key HIV prevention strategies in Zimbabwe. The main objective of this study was to evaluate acceptability and feasibility of reinforcing the role of traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in family and child health services through their participation in PMTCT programmes in Zimbabwe. [from abstract]

Retention Incentives for Health Workers in Zimbabwe

This paper investigates the impact of the framework and strategies to retain critical health professionals (CHPs) that the Zimbabwean government has put in place, particularly regarding non-financial incentives, in the face of continuing high out-migration. [from summary]

Integrating HIV Services in Local Family Planning: the Expanded Community-Based Distribution Model and Zimbabwean Experience

This brief is a best practice model for improving the quality and accessibility of family planning and HIV services in rural communities in Zimbabwe. [from author]

Distribution of Public Sector Health Workers in Zimbabwe: a Challenge for Equity in Health

This study explored the distribution of public sector health workers [in Zimbabwe] to show how its pattern impacts on equity objectives in health care delivery. [from executive summary]

Skilled Health Professionals' Migration and Its Impact on Health Delivery in Zimbabwe

The paper investigates the magnitude of migration of health professionals from Zimbabwe, the causes of such movements and the associated impacts on health care delivery. International migration of health professionals has led to staff shortages and the situation is worse in public compared to private health institutions. The quality of care given to patients has also declined. The research calls for the adoption of an integrated approach in solving the concerns of health professions. [abstract]

Impact of Health Sector Reform on Public Sector Health Worker Motivation in Zimbabwe

This paper describes the specific policy measures that the Zimbabwean government has recently implemented to try to improve health sector performance, and promote higher levels of motivation amongst public sector health care workers. The overall reform package is to include financial reforms (user fees and social insurance), strengthening of health management, liberalization and regulation of the private health sector, decentralization, and contracting out. Unfortunately, the process of reform implementation in Zimbabwe and the government’s poor communication with workers, combined with a conflict between local cultures and the measures being implemented, has undermined the potentially positive effect of reforms on health worker motivation.

Impact of Supervision on Stock Management and Adherence to Treatment Guidelines: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Ensuring the availability of essential drugs and using them appropriately are crucial if limited resources for health care are to be used optimally. While training of health workers throughout Zimbabwe in drug management (including stock management and rational drug use) resulted in significant improvements in a variety of drug use indicators, these achievements could not be sustained, and a new strategy was introduced based on the supervision of primary health care providers.

Uptake of Workplace HIV Counselling and Testing: A Cluster-Randomised Trial in Zimbabwe

HIV counselling and testing is a key component of both HIV care and HIV prevention, but uptake is currently low. We investigated the impact of rapid HIV testing at the workplace on uptake of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT). [author’s description]

Medical Leave: the Exodus of Health Professionals from Zimbabwe

The study aimed to establish the magnitude of migration of health professionals, its causes and to document the associated impacts on service delivery. [author’s description]

Managing HIV/AIDS in the Workplace: Examples of Nine Non-Governmental Organizations in South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe

This study aims to examine the range of impacts the [HIV/AIDS] pandemic has had on selected NGO partners of Oxfam operating in South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, and to make recommendations useful to NGOs, including Oxfam, donors, and policy-makers based on its results. [author’s description]

Responding to HIV/AIDS in Africa: A Comparative Analysis of Responses to the Abuja Declaration in Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria and Zimbabwe

The challenge of tackling HIV/AIDS was taken up by African Heads of State at their summit in Abuja in 2001. This led to the Abuja Declaration, the primary goal of which is to reverse the accelerating rate of HIV infection, TB and other related infectious diseases.

This report is based on research carried out by ActionAid International in Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria and Zimbabwe and provides a comparative analysis of the achievements and challenges faced by these four African countries in relation to the Declaration. [Adapted from author]

Migration of Health Professionals in Six Countries: A Synthesis Report

This report presents findings of a study on the migration of health professionals in Cameroon, Ghana, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda and Zimbabwe. The report provides detailed information about migration patterns and numbers, reasons for migration, effects on the quality of health care and the policies being undertaken in the respective countries to reduce outward migration. [from executive summary]