East Asia & Pacific

Experiences of Australian Humanitarian Workers: A Report on Preparations, Field Work and Returning Home

This study is based on findings of an investigation of the experiences of Australian disaster workers from a range of health-related fields who provided humanitarian relief in disasters, complex emergencies, conflict and post-conflict situations internationally. [from abstract]

Cyclone Nargis 2008: Human Resourcing Insights from within the Myanmar Red Cross

This case study demonstrates that the success or failure of humanitarian operations in a large-scale public health emergency is significantly dependent on the quality of in-country health staff, prior training, timely deployment, availability of a standby-workforce, and the organisation’s surge capacity. [from abstract]

Regulation and Licensing of Healthcare Professionals in Pacific Island Countries

This brief discusses the need for registration and licensing and their importance to health outcomes, as well as the options and policy implications of such a system for Pacific Island Countries. [adapted from author]

Expanded and Advances Health Practitioners, and Their Role and Relevance in the Pacific

Pacific health workforce planners must consider the potential impact on existing models of care and roles of advanced practitioners from the increasing number of medical graduates from both within and outside the region; particularly, the balance of doctors’ roles with those of established advanced health practitioners. [from author]

Accreditation of Healthcare Professional Education Programs: A Review of International Trends and Current Approaches in Pacific Island Countries

This review of accreditation for healthcare professionals training and education describes international trends and approaches to the
accreditation of education programs or pathways that prepare graduates for entry to a professional register or to extend scopes of practice. [from author]

Medical Internship Programs in the Pacific: Current Situation and Future Challenges

This review describes international trends and approaches to the planning and delivery of medical internship programs relevant to the future development and strengthening of medical education in Pacific Island countries. [from introduction]

Regulation and Licensing of Healthcare Professionals: A Review of International Trends and Current Approaches in Pacific Island Countries

This review describes international trends and approaches to regulatory and licensing systems and the integration of overseas trained healthcare professionals, including international medical graduates. [from summary]

Stories and Strategies - Public Health Emergencies: Lessons Learned from Pilot Phase of the Sexual and Reproductive Health Program in Crisis and Post-Crisis Settings in the Asia Pacific Region

The following paper is a synthesis of the findings of researchers on training transfer and efficacy of the Sexual and Reproductive Health Program in Crisis and Post-Crisis Settings in the Asia Pacific Region, which was designed to address sexual and reproductive health in all phases of the disaster cycle, with a particular focus on preparedness and coordinated response and the importance of human resources for an effective response. [adapted from abstract]

Mountain Midwives of Vietnam

The infant and maternal mortality rates in the mountainous regions of northern Vietnam are 10 times higher than the national average. This 25 minute film tells the story of a Hmong ethnic minority midwife who has been trained to provide maternal care to her community in the isolated Chi Ca commune. [from publisher]

Human Resource Development and Capacity-Building During China's Rapid Scale-Up of Methadone Maintenance Treatment Services

The purpose of this article is to review human resource development and capacity-building efforts within China’s National Methadone Maintenance Treatment Programme, illustrate changes in program performance metrics over time, and convey lessons that will provide guidance to other developing countries attempting to implement similar programs. [from author]

Mapping of Faith-Based Responses to Violence against Women and Girls in the Asia-Pacific Region

This report presents findings from a mapping initiative that aimed to capture how faith-based organizations respond to violence against women and girls in the Asia-Pacific region. [from summary]

Effectiveness of Nurse Case Management Compared with Usual Care in Cancer Patients at a Single Medical Center in Taiwan: A Quasi-Experimental Study

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of care quality in cancer patients using a nurse case management model. [adapted from abstract]

Piloting Community-Based Medical Care for Survivors of Sexual Assault in Conflict-Affected Karen State of Eastern Burma

The aim of this study is to examine the safety and feasibility of community-based medical care for survivors of sexual assault to contribute to building an evidence base on alternative models of care in humanitarian settings. [from abstract]

Effectiveness of a Brief Educational Workshop Intervention among Primary Care Providers at 6 Months: Uptake of Dental Emergency Supporting Resources

This descriptive study used a validated questionnaire survey instrument to measure the effectiveness of a short multimodal educational intervention in the management of dental emergencies, including education in supporting resources, through the uptake and perceived usefulness of supporting resources at 6 months following the intervention. [adapted from abstract]

Why Do They Leave and Where Do They Go? Exit Interviewing of Resigning Staff

To assist in filling the information gap on the reasons for migration and mobility of health workers in six Pacific island countries, the authors designed this survey template to collect information on why health professionals leave service, what they intend doing and where they intend going after leaving. [adapted from author]

Burden Experienced by Community Health Volunteers in Taiwan: A Survey

Volunteers in Taiwan complement the delivery of health services by paid health professionals. This paper explores the burdens associated with their activities and the degree to which they are experienced. [adapted from abstract]

Results from a Study Using Misoprostol for Management of Incomplete Abortion in Vietnamese Hospitals: Implications for Task Shifting

This study sought to assess whether sublingual misoprostol could effectively evacuate the uterus after incomplete abortion and to confirm its applicability for use by lower level clinicians. [adapted from abstract]

Differences in Preferences for Rural Job Postings between Nursing Students and Practicing Nurses: Evidence from a Discrete Choice Experiment in Lao People's Democratic Republic

A discrete choice experiment was conducted to investigate preferences for job characteristics among nursing students and practicing nurses to determine how these groups vary in their respective preferences and to understand whether differing policies may be appropriate for each group. [from abstract]

Human Resources for Health: Practice and Policy Implications for Emergency Response Arising from the Cholera Outbreak in Papua New Guinea

This document describes some of the challenges to cholera preparedness and response in a human resource limited setting, the strategies used to ensure effective cholera management, some lessons learned as well as issues for public health policy and practice. [from summary]

Addressing the Human Resources Crisis: A Case Study of Cambodia's Efforts to Reduce Maternal Mortality (1980-2012)

The objective of this article was to identify factors that have contributed to the systematic development of the Cambodian human resources for health system with a focus on midwifery services in response to high maternal mortality in fragile resource-constrained countries. [from abstract]

Potential Collaboration with the Private Sector for the Provision of Ambulatory Care in the Mekong Region, Vietnam

This study aimed to explore possibilities for public-private collaboration in the provision of ambulatory care at the primary level in the Mekong region, Vietnam. [from abstract]

Longitudinal Study of Rural Health Workforce in Five Countries in China: Research Design and Baseline Description

The authors conducted a longitudinal study to explore the current situation and track the future evolution of the rural healthcare workforce, specifically village doctors, in China. [adapted from abstract]

Delivery of Preventive Care to Clients of Community Health Services

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of preventive care provided by community health clinicians; the association between client and service characteristics and receipt of care; and acceptability of care in order to inform interventions that facilitate adoption of opportunistic preventive care delivery. [adapted from abstract]

Challenges in Mobilising, Retaining and Supporting Health Workers During a Period of Political Upheaval: A Case Study from Timor-Leste's Experience in 2006

This case study focused on documenting and analysing factors that are relevant to mobilising and retaining health workers to deliver health services during a period of conflict and instability. [adapted from summary]

Evaluating Primary Health Care Policies: A Step Towards Identifying Human Resource Issues in Commune Health Stations in Vietnam

This review documents the ways in which primary health care, specifically human resources in primary health care, has been evaluated in low- and middle income countries with a focus given to countries that have undergone health sector reforms similar to Vietnam. [adapted from author]

Strengthening Health Management and Leadership at the District Level: What Can We Learn from High Performing Districts in the West Java Province of Indonesia?

This study examines the performance of district health managers in high and low performing districts in an attempt to understand whether, and the extent to which, they affect the performance of their district health services. [from author]

Staff Retention after the Privatization of Township-Village Health Centers: A Case Study from the Haiman City of East China

In East China’s Jiangsu Province, the City of Haimen privatized all 25 township-village health centers in 2002. This study assesses the effect of privatization on staff retention among these health centers. [from abstract]

Literature Review: The Role of the Private Sector in the Production of Nurses in India, Kenya, South Africa and Thailand

This study examines the supply of, demand for, and policy
environment of private nurse production in four selected countries. [from abstract]

Impact of a Brief Lifestyle Intervention Delivered by Generalist Community Nurses

This research evaluated the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for clients with risk factors for chronic disease in routine community nursing practice. [adapted from abstract]

Advanced Rural Skills Training: Are Recently Qualified GPs Using Their Procedural Skills?

This study aimed to: describe where general practitioners (GPs) practice in the 5 years after advanced rural skills training; describe the proportion of doctors using their advanced skills; measure doctors’ ratings of the quality of support and how critical the year directly following training is in future career choices; and measure the association between support and use of advanced skills. [from abstract]