East Asia & Pacific

Health Services Workforce in Rural China: Baseline Description

This research tried to reveal the current situation and to track the future trends of the rural health workforce. By
stratified multistage cluster sampling processes, the baseline data of nationwide longitudinal survey were gathered
from China.

Community Health Promotion Volunteers in Taiwan: Their Value to Nurses

In Taiwan, volunteers make a significant contribution to the health workforce. In this paper, we explain the volunteer’s role and describe both the benefits and barriers associated with volunteering as a health worker in Taiwan. We also outline the crucial function of volunteers in supporting community nursing work. [from abstract]

Challenges of Introducing Participant Observation to Community Health Research

In this paper, we describe how we use participant observation in a community health research study with Chinese-born immigrant women. We document discrepancies between these women’s beliefs and types of behavior regarding health and health promotion. We further discuss the ethnical, time, and setting challenges in community health research using participant observation. Possible solutions are also discussed. [from abstract]

Job Burnout, Mood State, and Cardiovascular Variable Changes of Doctors and Nurses in a Children's Hospital in China

This study examines mood and cardiovascular variables related to job stress and burnout in hospital personnel. [from abstract]

The Study of the Rational Allocatio n of China’s Human Resources for Health

Through the supply and demand of China’s human resources for health status, age structure, educational level of existing health professionals and other aspects of statistical analysis to understand the current situation of China’s
health human resources, so as to put forward the healthy development of health human resource allocation optimization suggestions, and provide the basis for the formulation of relevant policies. [from abstract]

Empirical impact evaluation of the WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel in Australia, Canada, UK and USA.

The active recruitment of health workers from developing countries to developed countries has become a major threat to global health. In an effort to manage this migration, the 63rd World Health Assembly adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel in May 2010. While the Code has been lauded as the first globally-applicable regulatory framework for health worker recruitment, its impact has yet to be evaluated.

Early Implementation of WHO Recommendations for the Retention of Health Workers in Remote and Rural Areas

This paper presents experiences with local and regional adaptation and adoption of WHO recommendations. It highlights challenges and lessons learnt in implementation in two countries – the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and South Africa – and provides a broader perspective in two regions – Asia and Europe. At country level, the use of the recommendations facilitated a more structured and focused policy dialogue, which resulted in the development and adoption of more relevant and evidence-based policies. [from abstract]

Nursing Churn and Turnover in Australian Hospitals: Nurses Perceptions and Suggestions for Supportive Strategies

This study aimed to reveal nurses’ experiences and perceptions of turnover in Australian hospitals and identify strategies to improve retention, performance and job satisfaction. [from abstract]

Encouraging Health Insurance for the Informal Sector : A Cluster Randomized Trial

This paper reports the results of a cluster randomized control trial in which 3,000 households in 20 communes in Vietnam were randomly assigned at baseline to a control group or one of three treatments: an information leaflet about Vietnam’s government-run scheme and the benefits of health insurance; a voucher entitling eligible household members to 25 percent off their annual premium; and both. [from abstract]

A National Framework for Recovery-Oriented Mental Health Services: Guide for Practitioners and Providers

This document is a guide for mental health practitioners and services to Australia’s national framework for recovery-oriented mental health services. It provides definitions for the concepts of recovery and lived experience. It describes the practice domains and key capabilities necessary for the mental health workforce to function in accordance with recovery-oriented principles.

A National Framework for Recovery-Oriented Mental Health Services: Policy and Theory

This background paper is a summary of the research and policy that underpins Australia’s national framework for recovery-oriented mental health services.It provides an overview and definition of the concepts of recovery and lived experience. It outlines the policy context for a move to recovery-oriented approaches and cites relevant research. It briefly describes the practice domains and key capabilities necessary for recovery-oriented practice and service delivery. [from introduction]

Importance-Satisfaction Analysis for Primary Care Physicians’ Perspective on EHRs in Taiwan

This study provided a direction to the Taiwanese government by focusing on attributes which physicians found important but were dissatisfied with, to close the gap between actual and expected performance of the EHRs. [adapted from abstract]

Team-building Approach to improve Maternity Services - A Midwife's Experience

A team-building approach was taken to engage the maternity ward in reviewing current practices, and identifying activities to strengthen midwifery services. [from introduction] Story is near bottom of page.

Current Continuing Professional Education Practice among Malaysian Nurses

This cross-sectional descriptive study involved registered nurses from government hospitals and health clinics from Peninsular Malaysia. Multistage cluster sampling was used to recruit 1000 nurses from four states of Malaysia. [from abstract]

“In the driver’s seat”: The Health Sector Strategic Master Plan as an Instrument for Aid Coordination in Mongolia

This research explores the extent to which the [Health Sector Strategic Master Plan (HSSMP)] process served as a mechanism for effective aid coordination while promoting ownership and capacity building and the lessons learned for the wider international development community. [adapted from abstract]

Human Resources for Health and Universal Health Coverage: Fostering Equity and Effective Coverage

The paper reports on country experiences using an analytical framework that examines effective coverage in relation to the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality (AAAQ) of HRH. [from abstract]

Leadership Practices of Head Nurses as Expected and Perceived by Staff Nurses in Public Hospitals in Banda Aceh, Indonesia

This study aimed to identify the levels of leadership practices among head nurses as expected and perceived by staff nurses and to compare the differences between expectation and perception of staff nurses toward leadership practices of head nurses in public hospitals of Banda Aceh, Indonesia. [from abstract]

Right Time, Right Place: Improving Access to Health Service Through Effective Retention and Distribution of Health Workers

This series draws from studies in a range of countries and provides new insights into what can be done to improve access to health through more effective human resources policies, planning and management. The primary focus is on health workforce distribution and retention. [from abstract]

Violence Against Health Workers

he tragic and excessive attack on a doctor at the Western Hospital in Australia in February has brought the issue of violence in health care settings back into the spotlight, writes the magazine of the Australian Medical Association (Victoria). This latest attack serves as a stark reminder of the unacceptable risks health care workers are exposed to just by turning up to work each day, with emergency departments in particular described in recent times as ‘war zones’. [from summary]

Use of Text Messages to Communicate Clinical Recommendations to Health Workers in Rural China: A Cluster-Randomized Trial

To compare the effectiveness of mobile phone text messaging and that of traditional health worker training in communicating clinical recommendations to health workers in China. [from abstract]

Improving Malaria Knowledge and Practices in Rural Myanmar Through a Village Health Worker Intervention: A Cross-Sectional Study

The purpose of this paper is to compare the malaria knowledge level and health practices of individuals in SPH intervention areas to individuals without SPH intervention [from abstract]

Widening Disparity in the Geographic Distribution of Pediatricians in Japan

The purpose of this study was to investigate recent changes in the geographic distribution of pediatricians and the factors underlying this change. [from abstract]

Rural Allied Health Scholarships: Do They Make a Difference?

Specifically this study aimed to examine the profile of the QHRSS-AH recipients from 2000 to 2010 including graduate recruitment outcomes and retention within the scholarship program. It also explored the influence of the QHRSS-AH on early career practice location decisions and the features of the scheme that influenced motivation to be involved as either a scholarship holder or manager, perceived barriers to employment of scholarship holders in rural or remote services, experiences of scholarship holders as new graduates in rural and remote services and views on support requirements.

Impact of Japan's 2004 Postgraduate Training Program on Intra-Prefectural Distribution of Pediatricians in Japan

This study examined the trends in the geographic distribution of pediatricians as well as all physicians from 1996 to 2010 to identify the impact of the launch of a new training program for new medical graduates. [from abstract]

Individual Skills Based Volunteerism and Life Satisfaction among Healthcare Volunteers in Malaysia: Role of Employer Encouragement, Self-Esteem and Job Performance, A Cross-Sectional Study

The purpose of this paper is to analyze two important outcomes of individual skills-based volunteerism, job performance and life satisfaction, among healthcare volunteers in Malaysia. [adapted from abstract]

Effectiveness of an Aged Care Specific Leadership and Management Program on Workforce, Work Environment, and Care Quality Outcomes: Design of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

This paper describes the study design of the cluster randomized controlled trial testing the effectiveness of an aged care clinical leadership program developed to improve managers’ leadership capacities to support the delivery of quality care in Australia. [adapted from abstract]

Factors Associated to Referral of Tuberculosis Suspects by Private Practitioners to Community Health Centers in Bali Province, Indonesia

The contrast between the low proportion of tuberculosis (TB) suspects referred from private practitioners in Bali province and the high volume of TB suspects seeking care at private practices suggests problems with TB suspect referral from private practitioners to the public health sector. This study aimed to identify key factors associated with the referral of TB suspects by private practitioners. [from abstract]

Impact on Patient Health and Service Outcomes of Introducing Nurse Consultants: A Historically Matched Controlled Study

The position of nurse consultant (NC) was introduced in Hong Kong in five clinical specialties: diabetes, renal, wound and stoma care, psychiatry, and continence. This pilot explored the impact of the introduction of NCs on patient health and service outcomes. [adapted from abstract]

Attitudes toward Working in Rural Areas of Thai Medical, Dental and Pharmacy New Graduates in 2012: A Cross-Sectional Survey

This study aimed to explore the current attitudes of new medical, dental and pharmacy graduates as well as determine the linkage between their characteristics and the preference for working in rural areas. [from abstract]

Health Sector Response to Gender-based Violence: An assessment of the Asia Pacific Region

This document reports the outcome of an assessment and review of existing approaches to and models of health sector responses to gender-based violence in the Asia Pacific region. [adapted from author]