Middle East & North Africa

Role of the Healthcare Sector in the Prevention of Sexual Violence against Sub-Saharan Transmigrants in Morocco: A Study of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Health Care Workers

This study aimed to identify the current role and position of the Moroccan healthcare sector in the prevention of sexual violence against sub-Saharan transmigrants and to use this information for a participatory process with local stakeholders in order to formulate recommendations for a more desirable prevention of sexual violence against sub-Saharan transmigrants by the Moroccan healthcare sector. [adapted from abstract]

How Does the Medical Graduates' Self-Assessment of Their Clinical Competency Differ from Experts' Assessment?

The objective of this study was to assess the clinical competency of medical graduates, as perceived by the graduates themselves and by the experts. [from abstract]

Workplace Violence against Physician and Nurses in Palestinian Public Hospitals: A Cross-Sectional Study

The aim of this study was to assess the incidence, magnitude, consequences and possible risk factors for workplace violence against nurses and physicians working in public Palestinian hospitals. [from abstract]

Right-Sizing Egypt's Health Workforce

This brief outlines an initiative to address some of Egypt’s health workforce challenges through the development of a workforce planning model to assess workforce needs and build ministry capacities in its implementation. [adapted from publisher]

Retention of Health Human Resources in Primary Healthcare Centers in Lebanon: A National Survey

This study aims at investigating primary healthcare health providers’ work characteristics, level of burnout and likelihood to quit and identify the factors that are significantly associated with staff retention at primary healthcare centers in Lebanon. [adapted from author]

Workforce Planning Tool: User's Guide

This tool collects data related to the current size of staff by position and the facility workload for each department. It then uses worker activity standards developed by Egyptian expert panels to calculate the precise workforce required to meet the workload of each facility. The tool’s output capabilities display the size of the gaps between current and required staff, examined across facilities, specialty areas, and types of worker, as well as among specialties within a facility. [from author]

User's Manual for Developing a Workload-Based Staffing Model in Egypt

This manual is a how-to guide to the workload indicators of staffing need (WISN) process and its implementation in Egypt. It provides a
step-by-step review of the WISN method and the calculations used in the analysis of the workforce to determine staffing needs. This guide is largely based on the Egyptian experience with the WHO methodology and how it was tailored to meet Egypt’s specific context and needs. [from introduction]

Reforming Nursing Education in Egypt: A Case Study in Reform Management

The case study outlines a program of nursing reform in Egypt to correct shortages and improve nursing quality by restructuring nursing education.

Capacity Building in Egypt: Management and Leadership Training at the Leadership Academy

This case study explores the development and impact of a training program to improve health sector management and leadership so that the ministry of health could become more efficient and provide the quality of services that the Egyptian population needed and demanded. [adapted from author]

Development of Workforce Activity Standards in Egypt

The purpose of this report is to discuss the process of developing health workforce activity standards in Egypt and its importance in estimating workforce requirements. The report describes the methodology used to develop and test these standards, as well as the challenges faced during the process and the lessons learned. [from introduction]

Relationship between Quality of Work Life and Turnover Intention of Primary Health Care Nurses in Saudi Arabia

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between quality of work life and turnover intention of primary health care nurses in Saudi Arabia. [from abstract]

Quality of Work Life among Primary Health Care Nurses in the Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia: A Crosssectional Study

Quality of work life (QWL) is defined as the extent to which an employee is satisfied with personal and working needs through participating in the workplace while achieving the goals of the organization. The purpose of this study was to assess the QWL among primary health care nurses in the Jazan region, Saudi Arabia. [from abstract]

Experience of Community Health Workers Training in Iran: A Qualitative Study

This study aimed to analyse the community health worker (CHW) training process in Iran and how different components of training have impacted on CHW performance and satisfaction. [from abstract]

Prevalence and Determinants of Burnout Syndrome among Primary Healthcare Physicians in Qatar

This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of burnout syndrome among primary healthcare physicians in Qatar, and to identify its determinants. [from abstract]

Willingness of Lebanese Physicians in the United States to Relocate to Lebanon

The objectives of this study were to assess the willingness of Lebanese medical graduates practicing in the United States of America to relocate to Lebanon and the Arab Gulf region and to explore the factors associated with this willingness. [from abstract]

Physician Perceptions of Pharmacist Roles in a Primary Care Setting in Qatar

The objective of this study is to characterize physician perceptions of pharmacists and their roles in a primary care patient setting in Qatar. [from abstract]

Emigration Versus a Globalization Perspective of the Lebanese Physician Workforce: A Qualitative Study

Lebanon is witnessing an increased emigration of physicians. The objective of this study was to understand the perceptions of Lebanese policymakers of this emigration, and elicit their proposals for future policies and strategies to deal with this emigration. [from abstract]

eLearning Reproductive Health Module to Support Improved Student Learning and Interaction: A Prospective Interventional Study at a Medical School in Egypt

This study aimed to evaluate students’ learning outcomes from a redesigned eLearning version of the reproductive health section of a public health course, as measured by improved knowledge acquisition and opinions, and to assess e-course utilization. [adapted from abstract]

Health Crisis: Syrian Government Targets the Wounded and Health Workers

The patterns of abuse recorded in this report and the evidence garnered from other sources provide a compelling picture of how the Syrian authorities are blocking access to health care for people wounded during conflict and preventing healthcare professionals from treating such patients freely and without fear. [from author]

Libya: Health Care in Danger - Insights

This unique video footage, shot in Libya, starkly reveals the danger that health-care workers are exposed to as they treat the war-wounded close to the front line. [from publisher]

Eliciting Policymakers' and Stakeholders' Opinions to Help Shape Health System Research Priorities in the Middle East and North Africa Region

This paper presents the results of a recent research priority-setting exercise that identified regional policy concerns and research priorities related to health financing, human resources and the non-state sector, based on stakeholders in nine low and middle income countries in the region. The countries included were Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen. [adapated from abstract]

HIV Principles and Stigma Reduction Training Curriculum: Addressing HIV and Stigma in the Healthcare Setting in the Middle East and North Africa Region

This curriculum was developed for people living with HIV in the Middle East and North Africa region who wanted to create workshops that provide space for their supportive physicians to discuss stigma in the healthcare setting and unite in their responses to HIV. [from author]

Positive Practice Environments in Morocco

This report examined the main problems faced by health care professionals in Morocco. In particular the report focuses on working environments, recruitment and staff retention. This report is an essential tool and resource to guide a response to the needs and concerns of health care professionals and drive improvements within healthcare working environments. [adapted from author]

Impact of a Service Provider Incentive Payment Scheme on Quality of Reproductive and Child-Health Services in Egypt

A case-control, quasi-experimental study was designed to investigate the effect of a performance-based incentive payment scheme on behaviours of public-sector service providers in delivering a basic package of maternal and child-health services in Egyptian primary healthcare units. [from abstract]

Revitalizing Public Health Clinics and Their Boards of Directors: the Takamol Model in Egypt

This document outlines the Takamol project in which a corporate training and management methodology was adapted for developing and sustaining quality management teams from governorate to district to clinic levels. [adapted from author]

Accelerating the Spread of Best Practices in Postpartum Care: Scaling-Up Best Practices in Yemen

This paper shows how Yemen’s Al Saba’een Hospital became a model for postpartum care and family planning services with limited resources. As a result of the success, the Yemeni government supports continued scale-up of these interventions to all of the country’s public hospitals and rural health facilities. [adapted from author]

Improving Health through Postpartum Home Visits, Family Planning Counseling: Scaling-Up Best Practices in Egypt

This paper shows how the Extending Service Delivery improve maternal and newborn health in Egypt’s Kaliobia Governorate by scaling-up the government’s postpartum care package in 13 villages, and training community health workers and nurses to put the package into practice. [from author]

Private Midwives Serve the Hard-to-Reach: a Promising Practice Model

Yemen presents a very challenging environment for delivering health services to rural areas, and Yemen’s conservative culture does not allow women to receive health services from men. Through a pilot program, the Extending Service Delivery assisted midwives with setting up private practices in rural communities where fixed facilities and services do not exist, or are far away. [from author]

Effect of a Peer-Educational Intervention on Provider Knowledge and Reported Performance in Family Planning Services: a Cluster Randomized Trial

This study evaluated the effect of an educational program including peer discussions on the providers’ knowledge and reported performance in family planning services. [from abstract]

Scaling Up Proven Public Health Interventions through a Locally Owned and Sustained Leadership Development Programme in Rural Upper Egypt

The Ministry of Health introduced a leadership development program in Aswan Governorate. The program aimed to improve health services in three districts by increasing managers’ ability to create high performing teams and lead them to achieve results. The program introduced leadership and management practices and a methodology for identifying and addressing service delivery challenges. [adapted from abstract]