Training Methodologies

Effects of Peer Education on the Knowledge and Use of HIV Counselling and Testing Services Among Young Persons in Ibadan, Nigeria

A peer education intervention was implemented to promote use of HCT among secondary school
students and apprentices in Ibadan, Nigeria. Baseline data were collected from 1281 students from six schools and 100 apprentice workshops in four Local Government Areas of Ibadan. [from abstract]

Identifying Approaches and Tools for Evaluating Community-Based Medical Education Programmes in Africa

This article outlines the process of identifying tools that, with modification, could assist in the evaluation of Community-Based Education programmes in participating Medical Education Partnership Initiative schools, funded by PEPFAR.

Nurses educating Patients and Relatives About Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Diseases: A Qualitative Study in Uganda

Recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa have put viral hemorrhagic fever diseases in the spotlight. Uganda has had several outbreaks throughout the years, which have successfully been managed. Nurses’ patient education plays an important role in the work to increase public awareness about viral hemorrhagic fever diseases. The objective of this study was to assess how nurses at the emergency department educate the patients and relatives about the viral hemorrhagic fever diseases. [from abstract]

Towards an Health Sciences Education Charter: Building an India Relevant Paradigm

It is hoped that this background paper supported by the interactive discussions at the convention will help all of us including the People’s Council of Education to initiate a strong countervailing process and movement which will stimulate a re-thinking in the direction content and relevance of health sciences education in the country making it more relevant to people’s needs and health for All. [from introduction]

Global Medical Education Partnerships to Expand Specialty Expertise: A Case Report on Building Neurology Clinical and Research Capacity

This report describes a US National Institute of Health (NIH) funded Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) to enhance expertise in neurology, developed between Makerere University College of Health Sciences in Kampala, Uganda, and Case Western
Reserve University School of Medicine in Cleveland, OH, USA. [from abstract]

Small Group Effectiveness in a Caribbean Medical School’s Problem-Based Learning Sessions

The Tutorial Group Effectiveness Instrument was developed to provide objective information on the effectiveness of small groups. Student perception of small group effectiveness during the problem base learning (PBL) process has not been previously studied in Xavier University School of Medicine (Aruba, Kingdom of the Netherlands); hence, the present study was carried out. [from abstract]

Assessing Study Skills Among a Sample of University Students: An Iranian Survey

Numerous studies have revealed that study skills have a constructive role on the academic performance of students, in addition to educational quality, students’ intelligence, and their affective characteristics. This study aims to examine study skills and the factors influencing them among the health sciences students of Urmia University of Medical Sciences in Iran. [from abstract]

Leveraging Information Technology to Bridge the Health Workforce Gap

There is a shortage of faculty that can provide high-quality training and mentorship for current training programmes and continuing education opportunities for health workers. The use of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) can help to overcome these challenges. [adapted from introduction]

'I Felt Colonised': Emerging Clinical Teachers on a New Rural Teaching Platform

The objective of this study was to explore what the implementation of the [Ukwanda Rural Clinical School] meant for the practice of these physicians and to what extent the shift from full-time practising clinician to clinical teacher required them to adapt and change. [from abstract]

Developing Capacities of Community Health Workers in Sexual and Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child, and Adolescent Health: A Mapping and Review of Training Resources

A mapping of training resource packages for [community health workers] was undertaken with documents retrieved online and from key informants. Materials were classified by health themes and analysed using agreed parameters. Ways forward were informed by a subsequent expert consultation. [from abstract]

Key Aspects of Health Policy Development to Improve Surgical Services in Uganda

Uganda, like other low-income sub-Saharan African countries, bears a heavy burden of surgical conditions with low surgical output in health facilities and significant unmet need for surgical care. To address this lack of adequate surgical services in Uganda, a diverse group of local stakeholders met in Kampala, Uganda, in May 2008 to develop a roadmap of key policy actions that would improve surgical services at the national level.This article is a critical discussion of these health policy priorities with references to recent literature. [adapted from abstract]

Rural Medical Education Guidebook

The Guidebook aims to be a useful resource amongst rural colleagues - to cross-fertilise experiences and build a stronger and more vibrant community of rural health care practitioners and medical educators. [adapted from preface]

Community Based Education in Health Professions: Global Perspectives

“Community Based Education in Health Professions: Global Perspectives” presents a collection of case studies from Bangladesh, Brazil, Egypt, India, Pakistan and South Africa describing different ways of planning, implementing and sustaining community-based education for health students. The case studies provide an account of what worked and what did not, the trials and errors, and the challenges and lessons learned. [adapted from introduction]

Evaluation of Spaced Education as a Learning Methodology for In-Service Training of Health Workers in Ethiopia

This pilot study followed 37 Ethiopian nationals enrolled in a spaced education course over a six-month period, attempted to determine the acceptability and effectiveness of the electronic delivery methodology in a low-resource context. [adapted from abstract]

Integrative OSCE Methodology for Enhancing the Traditional OSCE Program at Taipei Medical University Hospital: A Feasibility Study

Although significant improvements in teaching methodologies have been made in all areas of medicine and health care, studies reveal that students in many areas of health care taking an objective structured clinical examination express difficulties. This feasibility study assessed the educational effectiveness of an integrated objective structured clinical examination using both standardized patients and virtual patients. [adapted from abstract]

Demonstration Study Comparing Role-Emergent Versus Role-Established Pharmacy Clinical Placement Experiences in Long-Term Care Facilities

This study was undertaken to explore the viability of supervising pharmacy students remotely – a model referred to in the literature as role-emergent placements as a possible model to fill the gap in on-site pharmacy preceptors at role-established sites. This paper discusses pharmacy preceptors and long-term care facility non-pharmacist staff experiences with this model. [adapted from abstract]

Comparative Study of an Externship Program Versus a Corporate-Academic Cooperation Program for Enhancing Nursing Competence of Graduating Students

This study compared the effects of an externship program and a corporate-academic cooperation program on enhancing junior college students’ nursing competence and retention rates in the first 3 months and 1 year of initial employment.

One Student, One Family Program: Health Sciences Fostering Communities and Professionals

This presentation outlines the methodology, aims and results of a highly successful and innovative program of pre-service health education at Lurio University that links future health professionals with the community by assigning each student to a family. The student monitors the family’s health status and analyzes the social, economic and cultural aspects impacting on the individuals’s and family health such as education and nutrition.

Educating on Professional Habits: Attitudes of Medical Students Towards Diverse Strategies for Promoting Influenza Vaccination and Factors Associated with the Intention to Get Vaccinated

This cross-sectional study evaluated the effect of three influenza vaccination promotional strategies on medical students’ intention to get vaccinated and associated factors. It also concludes that given previous vaccination is a factor associated with the intention to get vaccinated, education on vaccination of health care workers should begin while they are students. [adapted from abstract]

Learning Styles and Preferences for Live and Distance Education: An Example of a Specialization Course in Epidemiology

This article studied the relation between medical student participant learning styles and participation in live and distance education and the value that participants place on these two methodologies. [adapted from abstract]

Organization and Implementation of Community-Based Education Programs for Health Worker Training Institutions in Uganda

This study was undertaken to assess the scope and nature of community-based education for various health worker cadres in Uganda. [from abstract]

K4Health Blended Learning Guide

This guide gives recommendations about how the global health eLearning courses can be used to enhance face-to-face, online, and blended training and performance support approaches by helping participants acquire and apply new knowledge and comprehension. Practical examples of how to do so are included for trainers and individual learners. [adapted from author]

Introducing Integrated Laboratory Classes in a PBL Curriculum: Impact on Students' Learning and Satisfaction

This paper outlines the development and implementation of four integrated laboratory classes (ILCs) for problem-based learning (PBL) at King Saud University College of Medicine. It also examines whether core concepts addressed in these classes were learned and retained and how the students perceived the ILCs. [adapted from abstract]

Effect of Implementing Undergraduate Competency-Based Medical Education on Students' Knowledge Acquisition, Clinical Performance and Perceived Preparedness for Practice: a Comparative Study

This study compared knowledge acquisition, clinical performance and perceived preparedness for practice of students from a competency-based active learning curriculum and a prior active learning curriculum. [from abstract]

Engaging Primary Care Practitioners in Quality Improvement: Making Explicit the Program Theory of an Interprofessional Education Intervention

This paper describes the theory underlying an interprofessional educational intervention developed in Canada for the purpose of improving chronic disease management in primary care in order to explain explicitly the theory underlying this intervention, to describe its components in detail and to assess the intervention’s feasibility and acceptability. [adapted from abstract]

Does Medical Students' Preference of Test Format (Computer-based vs. Paper-based) Have an Influence on Performance?

The aims of this study were to: assess the readiness and the objections of students to a compter-based examinations (CBE) versus paper-based; examine the acceptance and satisfaction with the CBE on a voluntary basis; and compare the results of the examinations, which were conducted in different formats. [from abstract]

Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) Supervisors and Non-Supervisors of Allied Health Professional Students

This study sought to characterise the allied health professional (AHP) workforce of the Northern Territory, Australia, in order to understand the influence of student supervision on workload, job satisfaction, and recruitment and retention. [from abstract]

Innovative Blended Learning Approach Using Virtual Patients as Preparation for Skills Laboratory Training: Perceptions of Students and Teachers

This study investigated how students and tutors perceive a blended learning approach using virtual patients as preparation for medical students for skills laboratory training. [adapted from author]

Learning Objects? Nurse Educators' Views on Using Patients for Student Learning: Ethics and Consent

This study explored the views of nursing lecturers concerning the use of patients in nursing education, particularly in light of the development of additional learning opportunities such as clinical simulation. [from abstract]

Strengthening Health Workforce Capacity through Work-Based Training

This article outlines the development and use of an eight-month modular, in-service work-based training program in Uganda aimed at strengthening the capacity for monitoring and evaluation and continuous quality improvement in health service delivery. [adapted from abstract]