Human Resources Management

A Synthesis and Systematic Review of Policies on Training and Deployment of Human Resources for Health in Rural Africa

The primary question guiding the review was: What is known about policies to support training and deployment of nurses, midwives and doctors for maternal-child health care in rural Africa? [from summary]

Developing Leadership and Management Competencies in Low and Middle-Income Country Health Systems: A Review of the Literature

This paper undertakes a review of the existing management and leadership literature from LMIC settings with a view to unpacking the roles of leaders and managers,
the competencies required, and the key approaches to developing these management and leadership competencies. [from summary]

The Implications of the Feminization of the Primary Care Physician Workforce on Service Supply: A Systematic Review

We undertook a systematic review to examine the current evidence that quantifies the effect of feminization on
time spent working, intensity and scope of work, and practice characteristics. [from abstract]

Establishing and Using Data Standards in Health Workforce Information Systems

As countries move ahead with HRIS scale-up efforts, it is important to establish and use standards (organizational, national, and international) to align and harmonize the collection, aggregation, and analysis of human resources for health (HRH) data. [from introduction]

mHealth innovations as health system strengthening tools: 12 common applications and a visual framework

This new framework lays out 12 common mHealth applications used as health systems strengthening innovations across the reproductive health continuum. [from abstract]

Health Sector Strategy and Economic Development in Cameroon: History, Challenges and Perspectives

There are complex and multisectoral interdependent relationships between health systems
and economic development in Cameroon that have been barely described in literature. Having analyzed these challenges, the author of this capstone proposes many policy alternatives to the Ministry of Public Health.

Addressing Needs in the Public Health Workforce in Europe

Health systems in Europe face a number of increasingly complex challenges. Globalization, evolving health threats, an ageing society, financial constraints on government spending, and social and health inequalities are some of the most pressing. This policy summary aims to outline these needs and to consider measures and options towards meeting them. [adapted from summary]

Human Resource Management Practices in a Medical Complex in the Eastern Cape, South Africa: Assessing Their Impact on the Retention of Doctors

To explore the key human resource (HR) practices affecting doctors in a medical complex in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. [from abstract]

Effectiveness of an Aged Care Specific Leadership and Management Program on Workforce, Work Environment, and Care Quality Outcomes: Design of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

This paper describes the study design of the cluster randomized controlled trial testing the effectiveness of an aged care clinical leadership program developed to improve managers’ leadership capacities to support the delivery of quality care in Australia. [adapted from abstract]

How Do They Manage? A Qualitative Study of the Realities of Middle and Front-Line Management Work in Health Care

This project addressed three questions: how middle management roles in acute care settings changing, and the implications of these developments; how changes are managed following serious incidents; and how clinical and organisational outcomes are influenced by management practice and the properties an enabling environment should possess to support those contributions. [adapted from abstract]

District Health Managers' Perceptions of Supervision in Malawi and Tanzania

Supervision plays a key role in performance and motivation, but is frequently characterized by periodic inspection and control, rather than support and feedback to improve performance. This paper explores the perceptions of district health management teams in Tanzania and Malawi on their role as supervisors and on the challenges to effective supervision at the district level. [from abstract]

Assessing the Implementation of Performance Management of Health Care Workers in Uganda

This study examined the implementation of performance management of health care workers in order to propose strategies for improvement. [from abstract]

Can Action Research Strengthen District Health Management and Improve Health Workforce Performance? A Research Protocol

The purpose of this paper is to disseminate the protocol for a project designed to identify ways of strengthening district management in order to address health workforce inadequacies by improving health workforce performance in sub-Saharan Africa and reflect on the key challenges encountered during the development of this methodology and how they are being overcome. [adapted from abstract]

Systemic Management of Human Resources for Health: An Introduction for Health Mangers

This manual presents the basic components of a human resources for health system, and explains why and how they have to work in synergy to contribute to the achievement of the health sector strategic goals. [from publisher]

Guide to Fostering Change to Scale Up Effective Health Services

This guide is for health policy makers, program managers, operations researchers or other health professionals who want to bring about change in a health practice or set of practices at a national, regional or facility level. [adapted from author]

Leadership and Management Toolkit

This toolkit provides evidence-based guidance and tools to update, expand, or develop leadership and management skills in health managers and service provision programs. [from publisher]

Supervising Healthcare Services Learning Resource Package

This learning resource package for supervisors in medium-to-large facilities and for district-level supervisors is developed around aspects of performance improvement and quality of healthcare services, focusing on essential skills required to work with staff and members of the community in establishing standards and problem solving. [from publisher]

Human Resources for Health: Practice and Policy Implications for Emergency Response Arising from the Cholera Outbreak in Papua New Guinea

This document describes some of the challenges to cholera preparedness and response in a human resource limited setting, the strategies used to ensure effective cholera management, some lessons learned as well as issues for public health policy and practice. [from summary]

Analysis of the Human Resource Management Role in Hospitals Using Ulrich Model

The research goal for this paper is to evaluate human resource’s role in specialized and sub specialized medical training hospitals of Iran, using Ulrich model. The results showed that there is a significant positive correlation between service quality and human resources. [adapted from abstract]

Ten Principles of Good Interdisciplinary Team Work

This paper draws on a published systematic review of the literature combined with empirical data derived from interdisciplinary teams involved in the delivery of community rehabilitation and intermediate care services, to develop a set of competencies around effective interdisciplinary team practice. [from author]

Human Resources Management Assessment Approach

This assessment approach was developed to guide policy-makers, managers, and human resources practitioners toward better understanding and responding to human resource management challenges facing their health systems. [from introduction]

Medical Residents' Perceptions of Their Competencies and Training Needs in Health Care Management: An International Comparison

The authors’ objective was to explore if the perceived deficiencies and needs for management training among Dutch residents were similar to those of their peers in other countries, and if a longer duration of the incorporation of a competency framework into curricula as well as management training had an influence on these perceptions. [adapted from author]

Human Resource Governance: What Does Governance Mean for the Health Workforce in Low- and Middle-Income Countries?

This paper examines health system strengthening as it occurs in the intersection between the health workforce and governance by presenting a framework to examine health workforce issues related to eight governance principles.

Regional Strategic Plan for Strengthening Health Service Management in the South-East Asia Region

This strategic plan is intended to provide directions for countries to develop comprehensive interventions to strengthen the management of health systems and health sector managers in a coherent and systematic manner. [adapted from author]

Exit Interviews: Determining Why Health Staff Leave

This study found that limited data collection systems and lack of exit interviews has meant that up-to-date, reliable and accurate data regarding all exiting health workers (HW) (not only those who intend to emigrate) are not readily available. Without such datasets, the dynamics of mobility and migration within the Pacific health workforce remain poorly understood and the development of strategies to retain HW severely hampered. [from author]

Technical Efficiency of Human Resources for Health in Africa

The objectives of the study reported in this article were to: estimate the technical and scale efficiency of national health systems (NHS) in utilizing human resources for health in African continent to produce various ultimate health outputs; identify the magnitudes of inefficiencies in the use of human resources for health in individual countries; identify the best performer NHS whose practice could be emulated by others; and highlight the implications for policy to health sector policy-makers. [from author]

Human Resources for Health Management from Central to District Level in Nepal

The report analyses the Ministry of Health and Population Human Resources for Health Management system in Nepal. It examines the main gaps in the human resources management system in the health sector and makes recommendations for viable mechanisms to strengthen the system. [from summary]

How Does Capacity Building of Health Managers Work? A Realist Evaluation Study Protocol

The authors present the protocol of an evaluation of a district-level capacity-building intervention to identify the determinants of performance of health workers in managerial positions and to understand how changes (if any) are brought about. The scope for applying realist evaluation to study human resource management interventions in health is also discussed. [from abstract]

Health Workforce Governance and Leadership Capacity in the African Region: Review of Human Resources for Health Units in the Ministries of Health

This report provides an overview of an intercountry review and analysis of the present capacity, current status and functionality of HRH departments or units responsible for HRH actions in the ministries of health at the national level in the African Region of the World Health Organization. [adapted from introduction]

Strengthening Management and Leadership Practices to Increase Health-Service Delivery in Kenya: An Evidence-Based Approach

The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that strengthening health systems, through improved leadership and management skills of health teams, can contribute to an increase in health-service delivery outcomes. The study was conducted in six provinces in the Republic of Kenya. [from abstract]