Monitoring & Evaluation

Competency-to-Curriculum Toolkit

This toolkit has been developed to facilitate the development of a public health workforce competent to meet its assigned mission. One part of that process is the use of competency-based curricula in public health training or education and how to determine the right activities for moving from a competency set to developing a curriculum. [adapted from author]

Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals

The core competencies are a set of skills desirable for the broad practice of public health. They reflect the characteristics that staff of public health organizations may want to possess as they work to protect and promote health in the community. The competencies are designed to serve as a starting point for academic and practice organizations to understand, assess, and meet education, training and workforce needs. [adapted from introduction]

Countdown to 2015: 2010 Country Profiles

Each country profile presents the most recent available information on selected demographic measures of maternal, newborn and child survival and nutritional status, coverage rates for priority interventions, and selected indicators of equity, policy support, human resources and financial flows. [from publisher]

Validation of the Modified Fresno Test: Assessing Physical Therapists' Evidence Based Practice Knowledge and Skills

Health care educators need valid and reliable tools to assess evidence based practice (EBP) knowledge and skills. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a modified Fresno Test to assess EBP knowledge and skills relevant to physical therapist practice. [adapted from abstract]

World Health Statistics 2010

World Health Statistics 2010 contains WHO’s annual compilation of data from its 193 Member States, and includes a summary of progress towards the health-related Millennium Development Goals and targets. [from publisher]

National Interprofessional Competency Framework

This document describes an approach to developing competencies that can guide interprofessional education and collaborative practice for all professions in a variety of contexts and is the first attempt to develop a Canadian model of interprofessional competencies that is applicable to all health professions. [from author]

Can Interprofessional Collaboration Provide Health Human Resources Solutions? A Knowledge Synthesis

Evidence indicates that lack of communication and collaboration between health providers can seriously harm patients. To solve these issues, we need to change how health services are delivered and how providers interact with each other. This project examined interprofessional interventions and how they impact the health workforce and workplace quality. [adapted from summary]

Determinants of Satisfaction with Health Care Provider Interactions at Health Centres in Central Ethiopia: a Cross Sectional Study

This study aimed to assess patient satisfaction with health care provider interactions and its influencing factors among out-patients at health centers in West Shoa, Central Ethiopia. [from abstract]

Using Standardized Patients to Assess Communication Skills in Medical and Nursing Students

A number of recent developments in medical and nursing education have highlighted the importance of communication and consultation skills (CCS). Although such skills are taught in all medical and nursing undergraduate curriculums, there is no comprehensive screening or assessment programme of CCS. This study was designed to test the content, process and acceptability of a screening programme in CCS with Irish medical and nursing students. [adapted from abstract]

Hepatitis B and Liver Cancer Knowledge and Practices among Healthcare and Public Health Professionals in China: a Cross-Sectional Study

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the leading cause of liver disease and liver cancer and a major source of health-related discrimination in China. To better target HBV detection and prevention programs, it is necessary to assess existing HBV knowledge, educational resources, reporting, and preventive practices, particularly among those health professionals who would be responsible for implementing such programs. [from abstract]

Effects of Computerized Clinical Decision Support Systems on Practitioner Performance and Patient Outcomes: Methods of a Decision-Maker-Researcher Partnership Systematic Review

The objective of this research was to form a partnership of healthcare providers, managers, and researchers to review randomized controlled trials assessing the effects of computerized decision support for six clinical application areas: primary preventive care, therapeutic drug monitoring and dosing, drug prescribing, chronic disease management, diagnostic test ordering and interpretation, and acute care management; and to identify study characteristics that predict benefit. [from abstract]

Implementation of Performance Support Approaches in Central America and Uganda

The Capacity Project worked with governments and partners in Central America and Uganda to test approaches for strengthening supervision systems in the health sector, as one component of the Project’s workforce performance support strengthening. [from summary]

Evaluation of the Management of Sexually Transmitted Infection (STIS) by Private Practioners in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

The objective of this article was to determine the current practices of private practitioners for the management of STIs in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia, evaluation of pharmacotherapy for STIs in private clinics and to ascertain the management of STIs compared to standard guidelines. [from author]

Health Worker Retention and Performance Initiatives: Making Better Strategic Choices

This technical brief focuses on issues around health worker motivation, job satisfaction, incentives, retention and performance. [from author]

Handbook on Monitoring and Evaluation of Human Resources for Health with Special Applications for Low and Middle Income Countries

This handbook offers health managers, researchers and policy makers a comprehensive, standardized and user-friendly reference for monitoring and evaluating human resources for health. It brings together an analytical framework with strategy options for improving the health workforce information and evidence base, as well as country experiences to highlight approaches that have worked. [from preface]

Assessing Competency in Evidence Based Practice: Strengths and Limitations of Current Tools in Practice

Evidence Based Practice (EBP) involves making clinical decisions informed by the most relevant and valid evidence available. Adopting an evidence-based approach to practice requires differing competencies across various domains including literature searching, critical appraisal and communication. This paper examines the current tools available to assess EBP competence and compares their applicability to existing assessment techniques used in medicine, nursing and health sciences. [from abstract]

Methods for Evaluating Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of a Skilled Care Initiative in Rural Burkina Faso

This paper aims to describe the design, methods and approaches used to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the skilled care initiative in reducing pregnancy-related and perinatal mortality in Ouargaye district, Burkina Faso. [from summary]

Improving Obstetric Care in Low-Resource Settings: Implementation of Facility-Based Maternal Death Reviews in Five Pilot Hospitals in Senegal

In resource-poor settings, the facility-based maternal death review or audit is one of the most promising strategies to improve health service performance. We aim to explore and describe health workers’ perceptions of facility-based maternal death reviews and to identify barriers to and facilitators of the implementation of this approach in pilot health facilities of Senegal. [from abstract]

Establishing and Monitoring Benchmarks for Human Resources for Health: the Workforce Density Approach

This article offers guidance regarding the benchmarking of health workforce sufficiency as a critical component of monitoring and strengthening the performance of national health systems. [adapted from introduction]

High Workload and Job Stress are Associated with Lower Practice Performance in General Practice: an Observational Study in 239 General Practices in the Netherlands

This study explores whether high physician workload and job stress were associated with lower quality and outcomes of healthcare delivery performance in general practice settings in the Netherlands. [adapted from abstract]

Conflicting Priorities: Evaluation of an Intervention to Improve Nurse-Parent Relationships on a Tanzanian Pediatric Ward

This article provides an evaluation of an intervention using the Health Workers for Change initiative for improving the relationship between nurses and parents on a pediatric ward in a busy regional hospital in Tanzania. [adapted from abstract]

Community Defined Quality (CDQ): Creating Partnerships for Improving Quality

This presentation outlines a methodology to improve quality and accessibility of health care with greater involvement of the community in defining, implementing and monitoring the quality improvement process.

Quick Investigation of Quality (QIQ)

This presentation discusses the QIQ method of evaluating the quality of service delivery and provider performance.

Building Canadian Public Health Nursing Capacity: Implications for Action

The purpose of this research was to assist public health policy makers and managers to develop programs and policies to enhance the effectiveness of Public Health Nurse (PHN) services. The research question was, “What organizational attributes support PHNs to practice their full scope of competencies?” [adapted from author]

Primary Care Groups: Improving the Quality of Care Through Clinical Governance

This article discusses the agenda for monitoring and improving the quality of health care through the use of clinical governance in National Health Service organizations in the UK. [adapted from introduction]

Evidence-Based Practice in Neonatal Health: Knowledge among Primary Health Care Staff in Northern Viet Nam

An estimated four million deaths occur annually among children in the neonatal period. Current evidence-based interventions could prevent a large proportion of these deaths; however, neonatal health care workers need to have knowledge regarding such practices before being able to put them into action. This survey assesses the knowledge of primary health care practitioners regarding basic, evidence-based procedures in neonatal care in a Vietnamese province and investigates whether differences in level of knowledge were linked to certain characteristics of community health centers.

Performance of Health Workers in Ethiopia: Results from Qualitative Research

Insufficient attention has been paid to understanding what determines the performance of health workers and how they make labor market choices. This paper reports on findings from focus group discussions with both health workers and users of health services in Ethiopia. We describe performance problems identified by both health users and health workers participating in the focus group discussions including absenteeism and shirking, pilfering drugs and materials, informal health care provision and illicit charging, and corruption.

Perception and Practice of Malaria Prophylaxis in Pregnancy among Health care Providers in Ibadan

The study assessed knowledge and practice of health care providers on current concepts on malaria prophylaxis in pregnancy. [from abstract]

Assessment of Family Planning Services in Kenya: Evidence from the 2004 Kenya Service Provision Assessment Survey

This study focused on factors associated with the readiness of Kenyan health facilities to provide quality and appropriate care to family planning clientele; the degree to which health care providers foster informed selection of an appropriate contraceptive method; and the extent to which clients perceive services to be of high quality. [from abstract]

Kenya: Assessment of Health Workforce Competency and Facility Readiness to Provide Quality Maternal Health Services

The study had three objectives: to determine the current competency levels of the workforce attending women during labor, delivery, and the early postpartum period; examine conditions at the workplace to determine environmental and organizational factors that affect workforce productivity and performance; and assess implications for regional training and performance improvement at the workplace. [from author]