Gender Issues

Development of a Screening Tool to Identify Female Survivors of Gender-Based Violence in a Humanitarian Setting: Qualitative Evidence from Research among Refugees in Ethiopia

This article presents qualitative research used to inform the development of a screening tool as a potential strategy to identify and respond to gender based violence (GBV) for females in humanitarian settings. The findings suggest that routine GBV screening by skilled service providers offers a strategy to confidentially identify and refer survivors to needed services within refugee settings, potentially enabling survivors to overcome existing barriers. [adapted from author]

Knowledge and Confidence of South African Health Care Providers Regarding Post-Rape Care: A Cross-Sectional Study

The objectives of this paper are to identify the factors associated with higher knowledge and confidence in providers at the commencement of a training on post-rape care and to reflect on the implications of this for training and other efforts being made to improve services. [from abstract]

Clinical Care for Sexual Assault Survivors Multimedia Training: A Mixed-Methods Study on Healthcare Providers' Attitudes, Knowledge, Confidence, and Practice in Humanitarian Settings

This study evaluated the effect of multimedia training tool to encourage competent, compassionate, and confidential clinical care for sexual assault survivors in low-resource settings on healthcare providers’ attitudes, knowledge, confidence, and practices in four countries. [adapted from abstract]

Provider Bias or Organizational Limitations? Female and Male Health Care Workers' Interaction with Men in Reproductive Health Programmes in Rural Central India

This article examines the extent, motivation, and prevalence of village level health workers’ interaction with men concerning reproductive health issues in rural central India. [from author]

Gender Guide to Reproductive Health Publications: Producing Gender-Sensitive Publications for Health Professionals

The main goal of reproductive health publications is to advance reproductive health outcomes. However, with this guidance, health professional staff also can learn to incorporate gender perspectives into every stage of the publication process and thus ensure that women and men in the audience receive and understand the information they need. [adapted from author]

Responding to Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence Against Women: WHO Clinical and Policy Guidelines

These guidelines aim to provide evidence-based guidance to health-care providers on the appropriate responses to intimate partner violence and sexual violence against women, including clinical interventions and emotional support. They also seek to raise awareness, among health-care providers and policymakers, of violence against women, to better understand the need for an appropriate health sector response to violence against women. [from summary]

Gender-based Distributional Skewness of the United Republic of Tanzania's Health Workforce Cadres: A Cross-Sectional Health Facility Survey

This paper assesses the gender-based distribution of the United Republic of Tanzania’s health workforce cadres. [from abstract]

Gender and Social Geography: Impact on Lady Health Workers Mobility in Pakistan

In Pakistan, where gendered norms restrict women’s mobility, female community health workers (CHWs) provide doorstep primary health services to home-bound women. This study aims to understand how these cultural norms affect CHWs’ home-visit rates and the quality of services delivered. [from abstract]

PHR Summaries: Strategies for Addressing Intimitate Partner Violence in Health Care Settings in Haiti: Provider Perspectives

This brief outlines the process and findings of a study that compared the attitudes, perceived barriers and enablers of intimate partner violence universal screening among physicians, nurses, and community health workers. [adapted from author]

Mapping of Faith-Based Responses to Violence against Women and Girls in the Asia-Pacific Region

This report presents findings from a mapping initiative that aimed to capture how faith-based organizations respond to violence against women and girls in the Asia-Pacific region. [from summary]

Piloting Community-Based Medical Care for Survivors of Sexual Assault in Conflict-Affected Karen State of Eastern Burma

The aim of this study is to examine the safety and feasibility of community-based medical care for survivors of sexual assault to contribute to building an evidence base on alternative models of care in humanitarian settings. [from abstract]

Measuring the Effectiveness of an Intensive IPV Training Program Offered to Greek General Practitioners and Residents of General Practice

The need for effective training of primary care physicians in the prevention, detection and handling of intimate partner violence (IPV) has been widely acknowledged, given its frequency in daily practice. The current intervention study aimed to measure changes in the actual IPV knowledge, perceived knowledge, perceived preparedness and detection ability of practicing general practitioners and general practice residents, following an intensive IPV training program. [from abstract]

Differences in Wage Rates for Males and Females in the Health Sector: A Consideration of Unpaid Overtime to Decompose the Gender Wage Gap

The negative impact of gender wage differentials is the disincentive to work more hours. This implies a substantial cost on the Australian health sector. This study aimed to identify the magnitude of gender wage differentials within the health sector. [from abstract]

Role of the Healthcare Sector in the Prevention of Sexual Violence against Sub-Saharan Transmigrants in Morocco: A Study of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Health Care Workers

This study aimed to identify the current role and position of the Moroccan healthcare sector in the prevention of sexual violence against sub-Saharan transmigrants and to use this information for a participatory process with local stakeholders in order to formulate recommendations for a more desirable prevention of sexual violence against sub-Saharan transmigrants by the Moroccan healthcare sector. [adapted from abstract]

I Feel It Is Not Enough: Health Providers' Perspectives on Services for Victims of Intimate Partner Violence in Malaysia

This study explores the views and attitudes of health providers in Malaysia towards intimate partner violence and abused women and considers whether and how their views affect the provision or quality of services. [from abstract]

Transforming the Health Worker Pipeline: Interventions to Eliminate Gender Discrimination in Preservice Education

This report describes the results of a systematic and expert review undertaken to identify practices that have the potential to counter forms of gender discrimination against students and faculty in preservice education institutions. [from publisher]

Strengthening the Health Worker Pipeline through Gender-Transformative Strategies

This technical brief provides an overview of how gender discrimination affects health professional students and faculty as well as intervention options that the expert panel identified as having potential to counter gender discrimination. In addition, it offers recommendations for preservice education institutions and other stakeholders to address these challenges. [from publisher]

Patient's Silence towards the Healthcare System after Ethical Transgressions by Staff: Associations with Patient Characteristics in a Cross-Sectional Study among Swedish Female Patients

The objective of this study was to identify which patient characteristics are associated with silence towards the healthcare system after experiences of abusive or ethically wrongful transgressive behaviour by healthcare staff. [from abstract]

Enhanced Maternal and Child Health Nurse Care for Women Experiencing Intimate Partner/Family Violence: Protocol for MOVE, a Cluster Randomised Trial of Screening and Referral in Primary Health Care

This protocol describes the development and design of MOVE, a study to examine intimate partner violence screening effectiveness for nurses and the sustainability of screening practice. [adapted from abstract]

Response to Gender-Based Violence in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: Training Programme for Health Care Providers

This online training manual containing background information, handouts, exercises and powerpoint presentations to train health professionals on gender-based violence. [from publisher]

Dilemmas and Opportunities for an Appropriate Health-Service Response to Violence against Women

This article is an overview of the role of health services in secondary and tertiary prevention of intimate partner violence. It reviews the effectiveness and limitations of in-service training programmes to identify and care for women who have experienced intimate partner violence and initiatives in developing countries to integrate concerns on gender-based violence into health-care services at different levels. [adapted from abstract]

Addressing Gender-Based Violence through USAID's Health Programs: A Guide for Health Sector Program Officers

This guide is meant to help program officers integrate gender-based violence initiatives into health sector portfolios during project design, implementation and evaluation. It focuses on what the health sector can do in each type of health program - from community mobilization to health policy. [adapted from author]

Violence against Women: The Health Sector Responds

This document provides a strategy for addressing the complex problem of gender-based violence and concrete approaches for carrying it out, not only for those on the front lines attending to the women who live with violence, but also for decision-makers who may incorporate the lessons in the development of policies and resources. [from introduction]

Gender-Based Violence, Health and the Role of the Health Sector

This brief provides insight into the magnitude of gender-based violence, the risk factors and the health effects, as well as the costs to society and impact on economic growth. It outlines some feasible health sector interventions, which would minimize the prevalence and impact on the individual and the society. [from author]

Foundations of Gender Equality in the Health Workforce

This free online course is available in English and French and is intended to expose the participant to basic concepts, issues, and standards related to gender equality in the health workforce. [from publisher]

Integrated Health Sector Response to Violence against Women in Malaysia: Lessons for Supporting Scale Up

Malaysia has been at the forefront of the development and scale up of an integrated health sector model that provides comprehensive care to women and children experiencing physical, emotional and sexual abuse. This study explored the strengths and challenges faced during the scaling up of the model to two states in Malaysia in order to identify lessons for supporting successful scale-up. [from abstract]

Why Physicians and Nurses Ask (or Don't) about Partner Violence: A Qualitative Analysis

This study was undertaken to: explore physicians’ and nurses’ experiences, both professional and personal, when asking about intimate partner violence; determine the variations by discipline; and identify implications for practice, workplace policy and curriculum development. [from abstract]

Developing Lay Health Worker Policy in South Africa: A Qualitative Study

The aim of this study was to explore contemporary lay health worker policy development processes and the extent to which issues of gender are taken up within this process. [from abstract]

Health Sector Response to Gender-Based Violence: Case Studies of the Asia Pacific Region

These case studies provide country-level information on the prevalence of gender based violence; the policy framework; health sector response; health worker capacity building; and successes, challenges and lessons learned dealing with gender based violence in the health sector. Countries included are: Bangladesh, Malaysia, Maldives, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Timor-Leste. [adapted from author]

Improving the Health Sector Response to Gender-Based Violence: a Resource Manual for Health Care Professionals in Developing Countries

The objective of this manual is to provide health care managers with a practical guide to improving the health care response to violence against women in developing country settings.