Pre-Service Education

Reforming Nursing Education in Egypt: A Case Study in Reform Management

The case study outlines a program of nursing reform in Egypt to correct shortages and improve nursing quality by restructuring nursing education.

In Zimbabwe: Integrating Supply Chain Management into Pre-Service Training of Pharmacists, Pharmacy Technicians and Nurses

This brief oulines an initiative to implement a pre-service training strategy for pharmacists, pharmacy technicians and nurses that is expected to strengthen in-country capacity to manage national supply chains and ensure uninterrupted access to essential health commodities. [adapted from author]

In Zambia: Building Sustainable Capacity through Pre-Service Supply Chain Training

This brief describes an intervention on training pre-service trainers that has helped provide graduating biomedical students with supply chain skills and reduce long-term in-service training costs. [adapted from author]

Medical Student Characteristics Predictive of Intent for Rural Practice

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of student characteristics previously correlated to choosing rural practice on osteopathic medical students’ intent to practice in a rural setting. [from abstract]

How Do Postgraduate GP Trainees Regulate Their Learning and What Helps and Hinders Them? A Qualitative Study

The aim of this study is to explore how postgraduate general medical practitioner trainees regulate their learning in the workplace, how external regulation promotes self-regulation and which elements facilitate or impede self-regulation and learning for these healthcare workers. [adapted from abstract]

Medical Students' Choices of Speciality in the Gambia: The Need for Career Counselling

This cross-sectional survey was conducted on consenting students of the first medical school in Gambia to help understand preferences for specialties by medical students, and the factors driving choices, to assist policy makers in ensuring optimal spread of personnel across disciplines. [adapted from abstract]

Pharmacist Educators in Family Medicine Residency Programs: A Qualitative Analysis

The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of residents, residency directors and pharmacists within Canadian family medicine residency programs that employ a pharmacist educator to better understand the impact of the role. [from abstract]

Augmenting Surgical Capacity in Resource-Limited Settings

This article outlines an educational partnership model designed to increase local capacity for postgraduate education at a Rwandan surgical residency program and to reduce dependence on foreign programs for the training of Rwandan surgeons. [adapted from author]

Does the Positive Influence of an Undergraduate Rural Placement Persist into Postgraduate Years?

The purpose of this study was to test whether or not the effects of a seven week rural undergraduate placement for medical students (which showed positive influence on student attitudes to rural health and their intention to practise in a rural settings) persisted into postgraduate years. [adapted from abstract]

Rural Nursing Education: A Photovoice Perspective

The purpose of this study was to explore the use of the innovative research approach called photovoice as an educational strategy to foster learning about and interest in rural locations and rural nursing as future practice settings. [from abstract]

Educational Interventions to Improve the Effectiveness in Clinical Competence of General Practitioners: Problem-Based Versus Critical Reading-Based Learning

This study evaluated the relative impact of two educational strategies, critical reading and problem based learning, on the clinical competence of general practitioners in a healthcare system characterized by excessive workload and fragmentation into small primary healthcare centers. [from abstract]

Community Health and Development (CHAD) Christian Medical College, Vellore

This case study highlights the efficiency with which the Community Health and Development (CHAD) program of the Christian Medical College, Vellore has obtained results through a combination of community-based provider training and innovative community service delivery methodologies, as well as discuss how aspects of the model can be adopted by other institutions to achieve similar results. [adapted from author]

Medical Students on Long-Term Regional and Rural Placements: What is the Financial Cost to Supervisors?

Medical student education is perceived as utilising significant amounts of preceptors’ time, negatively impacting on clinical productivity. This study triangulated practice financial data with the perspectives of clinical supervisors before and after regional/rural longitudinal integrated community-based placements of medical students to determine at what point students become financially beneficial to a practice. [adapted from abstract]

Scaling Up and Transforming Health Professional Education

This short presentation introduces innovations along the health worker education pipeline, transformative scale up of health professional education, and the definitions and processes of producing health worker education guidelines and recommendations. [adapted from author]

Problems and Issues in Implementing Innovative Curriculum in Developing Countries: The Pakistani Experience

The government of Pakistan identified 4 medical colleges for the introduction of a new medical curriculum, but despite concerted efforts, it was not implemented. The purpose of this research was to identify the barriers and reasons for delay in implementation of the curriculum and to assess the understanding of the stakeholders. [adapted from abstract]

Clinical Capabilities of Graduates of an Outcomes Based Integrated Medical Program

This study aimed to evaluate perceived and assessed clinical capabilities of recent graduates of an outcomes-based integrated medical program and compare to benchmarks from traditional content-based or process-based programs. [from abstract]

Role of Feedback in Improving the Effectiveness of Workplace Based Assessments: A Systematic Review

The aim of this systematic review was to explore the use of feedback in improving the effectiveness of workplace based assessments in postgraduate medical training. [adapted from abstract]

Can Medical Education in Poor Rural Areas be Cost-Effective and Sustainable: The Case of the Ateneo de Zamboanga University School of Medicine

This study examined the hypothesis that a medical school in a low-resource setting, based on volunteer faculty, can be sustainable and associated with improvement in medical workforce and population health outcomes. [from abstract]

Survey of Sub-Saharan African Medical Schools

This survey is a descriptive study of Sub-Saharan African medical schools to increase the level of understanding and expand the baseline data on medical schools in the region. [adapted from abstract]

THEnet’s Evaluation Framework for Socially Accountable Health Professional Education

This document allows medical schools in low-resource areas to get a sense of where they are on the road towards greater social accountability and in their ability to increase impact on health and health services. [adapted from author]

Nurses Needed: Partnering to Scale Up Health Worker Education in Malawi

Verah Nkosi, a nursing-midwifery student at the Kamuzu College of Nursing in Malawi, shares her perspective and illustrates some common challenges for increasing the quantity and quality of graduates from health professional schools. [from author]

Educating a New Generation of Doctors to Improve the Health of Populations in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

This article specifically addresses the need for a transformative approach to medical education—one that is defined by a commitment to social responsibility and insists on inter-sectoral engagement to determine how students are recruited, educated, and deployed as doctors. [from author]

Managing the Demand for Global Health Education

This artcle argues that: emerging training programs in global health worldwide create a unique opportunity to re-examine the strategy to scale-up human resources to reduce the global burden of disease; funding should be channeled to programs that promise sustained, rational, and effective training; and global health training programs should be evaluated by the quality of the experience for trainees from all settings and by the incremental improvement in in-country care, infrastructure, and research. [adapted from author]

Attitudes of Medical Students to Medical Leadership and Management: A Systematic Review to Inform Curriculum Development

This is a systematic review of what is known concerning the knowledge, skills and attitudes of medical students regarding leadership and management. It reports the results pertaining to the attitudes of students to provide evidence to inform curriculum development in the developing field of medical education. [adapted from author]

Student Approaches for Learning in Medicine: What Does It Tell Us about the Informal Curriculum?

The aim of this study was to establish the extent to which students in a graduate-entry medical program use various learning approaches to assist their learning and preparation for examinations, apart from those resources offered as part of the formal curriculum. [from abstract]

Family Medicine Graduates' Perceptions of Intimidation, Harassment and Discrimination During Residency Training

The purpose of the study was to examine intimidation, harassment and/or discrimination as reported by Alberta family medicine graduates during their two-year residency program. [from abstract]

How Learning Style Affects Evidence-Based Medicine: A Survey Study

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) involves the management of information in clinical practice. In order to tailor EBM education to the individual learner, this study aims to determine whether there is a relationship between an individual’s learning
style and EBM competence (knowledge/skills, attitude, behaviour). [from abstract]

I Couldn't Do This with Opposition from My Colleagues: a Qualitative Study of Physicians' Experiences as Clinical Tutors

A previously published study found that medical students’ tutors experienced a heavier workload, less reasonable demands and less encouragement, than students. The aim of this interview study was to further illuminate physicians’ experiences as clinical tutors. [from abstract]

Student-Led Peer-Assisted Learning: The Kuppi Experience at the Medical School of the University of Ruhuna in Sri Lanka

This study examines the effectiveness of a peer-assisted learning initiative developed as a parallel process to fill in gaps in medical students’ understanding and better explain unclear aspects of the formal curriculum. [adapted from abstract]

Change in Medical Students' Readiness for Self-directed Learning after a Partially Problem-based Learning First Year Curriculum at the KIST Medical College In Lalitpur, Nepal

This study was carried out to measure and compare readiness for self-directed learning (SDL) among medical students, and note differences in readiness for SDL at the beginning and end of the first year for medical students at a medical college in Nepal. [adapted from abstract]