Pre-Service Education

Rural Medical Education Guidebook

The Guidebook aims to be a useful resource amongst rural colleagues - to cross-fertilise experiences and build a stronger and more vibrant community of rural health care practitioners and medical educators. [adapted from preface]

Community Based Education in Health Professions: Global Perspectives

“Community Based Education in Health Professions: Global Perspectives” presents a collection of case studies from Bangladesh, Brazil, Egypt, India, Pakistan and South Africa describing different ways of planning, implementing and sustaining community-based education for health students. The case studies provide an account of what worked and what did not, the trials and errors, and the challenges and lessons learned. [adapted from introduction]

Preservice Laboratory Education Strengthening Enhances Sustainable Laboratory Workforce in Ethiopia

An assessment of existing preservice education of five medical laboratory schools, followed by remedial intervention and monitoring was conducted.[from abstract]

Preservice Laboratory Education Strengthening Enhances Sustainable Laboratory Workforce in Ethiopia

The goal of this research was to carry out a formative evaluation of the feasibility of strengthening pre-service laboratory education in partnership with local universities to ensure a skilled and well trained laboratory workforce for overall healthcare system strengthening. [from author]

Program Evaluation of a Model to Integrate Internationally Educated Health Professionals into Clinical Practice

This study evaluates a program comprised of the educational tools and infrastructure to support internationally educated physiotherapists in their preparation for entry to practice in Canada and to improve their pass rate on the national competency examination. [adapted from abstract]

Attitudes toward Working in Rural Areas of Thai Medical, Dental and Pharmacy New Graduates in 2012: A Cross-Sectional Survey

This study aimed to explore the current attitudes of new medical, dental and pharmacy graduates as well as determine the linkage between their characteristics and the preference for working in rural areas. [from abstract]

National Strategic Plan for Nurse Education, Training and Practice (South Africa)

This strategy is the result of a task team on nursing education appointed to refine national concerns and recommendations and to develop a plan of action to address both education and practice issues related to the profession. [adapted from author]

Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing the Impact of Access to Clinical Endocrinology Video Demonstrations with Access to Usual Revision Resources on Medical Student Performance and Clinical Endocrinology Skills

The aim of this study was to determine the value of on-demand video-based training for clinical skills acquisition by medical students in endocrinology in comparison to traditional revision materials. [adapted from abstract]

Thailand Special Recruitment Track of Medical Students: A Series of Annual Cross-Sectional Surveys on the New Graduates between 2010 and 2012

This study compared the rural attitudes, intention to fulfill mandatory rural service and competencies between medical graduates’ from two modes of admission, normal and special tracks in order to evaluate Thailand’s comprehensive policies for rural retention of medical doctor and other health professional, including education strategy and mandatory service. [adapted from abstract]

Programmatic Assessment of Competency-Based Workplace Learning: When Theory Meets Practice

This study tested a program of assessment for competency-based health worker education designed to evaluate the maximum facilitation of learning and robustness of high-stake decisions as well as supply information for the improvement of curricular quality. [adapted from author]

Characteristics of a Good Clinical Teacher as Perceived by Resident Physicians in Japan: A Qualitative Study

The objective of this study was to identify the characteristics of a good clinical teacher as perceived by resident physicians in Japan, a non-Western country, and to compare the results with those obtained in Western countries. [from abstract]

Dental Education in the Rural Community: A Nigerian Experience

This report provides recommendations for initiating, sustaining and expanding rural dental education programs based on the experience of the University of Ibadan in Nigeria where dental students are prepared not only to provide skilled care to individual patients, but also to assume responsibility for the community as a whole. [adapted from abstract]

Women in the Rural Medical Academic Workforce

This study assessed the role of women as fractional full-time equivalent rural academics in the context of significant health workforce shortage and increasing academic demand and concluded that female doctors who are willing to take on part-time work are supporting the rural medical teaching workforce. [adapted from abstract]

Integrative Review and Evidence-Based Conceptual Model of the Essential Components of Pre-Service Education

Th authors performed an integrative review of the literature to analyse factors contributing to quality pre-service education and created a conceptual model that shows the links between essential elements of quality pre-service education and desired outcomes. [from abstract]

Adapting Pacific Medical Internships to Changing Contexts

This policy brief outlines current and needed medical internship programs in the Pacific and the policy implications. [adapted from author]

Accreditation of Healthcare Professionals' Education in Pacific Island Countries: Evidence and Options

This brief discusses accreditation of health worker education programs, evidence on accreditation models, the importance of accreditation in the Pacific and the policy implications. [adapted from author]

Commissioning the Education of Healthcare Professionals for Pacific Island Countries

This brief outlines the issues surrounding commissioning of health professionals education and training, the challenges and establishing systems to help Pacific Island Countries manage the existing and future health workforce effectively. [adapted from author]

Medical Education and Training in the Pacific Island Countries: Evidence and Options

This brief outlines the continuum of medical education and training for the Pacific health workforce and the policy implications of the situation. [adapted from author]

One Student, One Family Program: Health Sciences Fostering Communities and Professionals

This presentation outlines the methodology, aims and results of a highly successful and innovative program of pre-service health education at Lurio University that links future health professionals with the community by assigning each student to a family. The student monitors the family’s health status and analyzes the social, economic and cultural aspects impacting on the individuals’s and family health such as education and nutrition.

Challenges for Nursing Education in Angola: The Perception of Nurse Leaders Affiliated with Professional Education Institutions

The aim in this study was to identify how nurses affiliated with nursing education institutions perceive the challenges nursing education is facing in Angola. [from abstract]

How Do United Kingdom (UK) Medical Schools Identify and Support Undergraduate Medical Students Who Fail Communication Assessments? A National Survey

This survey aimed to consolidate practices for identifying and processes for managing students who fail communication assessments designed to test a doctor’s ability to communicate effectively (with patients, relatives, advocates and healthcare colleagues) across all UK medical schools. [adapted from abstract]

Qualitative Exploratory Study: Using Medical Students' Experiences to Review the Role of a Rural Clinical Attachment in KwaZulu-Natal

This paper describes the rural clinical attachment experiences of medical students, illustrates that forces affecting such experiences cannot be predicted readily, and highlights that a rural clinical attachment can be of value, irrespective of whether or not the student chooses to practice in a rural area. [from author]

Evaluation of Pre-Service Training on Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness in Ethiopia

This survey was conducted to assess the status of pre-service training on the integrated management of newborn and childhood illness strategy and its ability to equip health workers with essential knowledge and skills to effectively manage sick children with common neonatal and childhood diseases. [adapted from abstract]

Organization and Implementation of Community-Based Education Programs for Health Worker Training Institutions in Uganda

This study was undertaken to assess the scope and nature of community-based education for various health worker cadres in Uganda. [from abstract]

Medical Education and Research in Pakistan

This comment reveals that despite what seem to be impressive gains in medical education and health research in Pakistan, the actual state of affairs is neither exciting nor remarkable. [from author]

Medical Education: A Review of International Trends and Current Approaches in Pacific Island Countries

This review describes international trends and approaches to the planning and delivery of undergraduate and postgraduate medical education, including the assessment of trainees’ performance. [from summary]

Accreditation of Healthcare Professional Education Programs: A Review of International Trends and Current Approaches in Pacific Island Countries

This review of accreditation for healthcare professionals training and education describes international trends and approaches to the
accreditation of education programs or pathways that prepare graduates for entry to a professional register or to extend scopes of practice. [from author]

Medical Internship Programs in the Pacific: Current Situation and Future Challenges

This review describes international trends and approaches to the planning and delivery of medical internship programs relevant to the future development and strengthening of medical education in Pacific Island countries. [from introduction]

Health Impacts of Pre-Service Education: An Integrative Review and Evidence-Based Conceptual Model

This integrative review of the literature was undertaken to examine what is presently known about the various factors that influence the quality of pre-service education (PSE) programs. The purpose of the model is to describe the logical links between inputs (e.g., activities, resources) that can strengthen health occupation or profession PSE systems, and the ultimate public health impact. [adapted from summary]

Introducing Integrated Laboratory Classes in a PBL Curriculum: Impact on Students' Learning and Satisfaction

This paper outlines the development and implementation of four integrated laboratory classes (ILCs) for problem-based learning (PBL) at King Saud University College of Medicine. It also examines whether core concepts addressed in these classes were learned and retained and how the students perceived the ILCs. [adapted from abstract]