Pre-Service Education

Accreditation in a Sub Saharan Medical School: A Case Study at Makerere University

This analysis paper highlights the process of standard defining for Medical Education in a typically low resourced sub Saharan medial school environment. [from abstract]

International Collaboration: A Concept Model to Engage Nursing Leaders and Promote Global Nursing Education Partnerships

This article describes a newly developed, internationally focused concept model, “Engaging tomorrow’s international nursing leaders” which illustrates the ways alliances between international schools of nursing build nursing leaders who can facilitate global health outcomes. [adapted from summary]

Assessment of Graduate Public Health Education in Nepal and Perceived Needs of Faculty and Students

The objective of this assessment was to identify challenges in graduate public health education in Nepal, and explore ways to address these challenges. [from abstract]

Building Nurse Education Capacity in India: Insights from a Faculty Development Programme in Andhra Pradesh

Improving educational capacity through nursing faculty development has been proposed as one of several strategies to address a complex health human resource situation. This paper describes and critically reflects upon the experience of one such faculty development programme in the state of Andhra Pradesh. [from abstract]

Primary Health Care and General Practice Attachment: Establishing an Undergraduate Teaching Network in Rural Greek Health Centers

This report describes the steps taken by a Greek medical school to establish and maintain a rural primary health care teaching network in order to implement community oriented primary health care and general practice for undergraduate medical education. [adapted from abstract]

Immersing Undergraduates into an Interprofessional Longitudinal Rural Placement

This article evaluates an Australian program that placed students from different health programs together, in a rural environment, for one or two semesters of the academic year to promote interprofessional learning. [adapted from abstract]

Does Doctors' Workload Impact Supervision and Ward Activities of Final-Year Students? A Prospective Study

The aim of this study was to objectively investigate whether the workload arising from increased patient care interferes with student supervision and is associated with more non-medical activities of final-year medical students. [from abstract]

Case Study: Scaling Up Education and Training of Human Resources for Health in Ethiopia: Moving Towards Achieving the MDGs

This case study share lessons learned and recommendations related Ethiopia’s scaling up the preservice education of health-care workers in order to solve the critical shortage of staff in health-care facilities, and ultimately to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. [adapted from summary]

Sources of Stress in Nursing Students: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Studies

This study aimed to identify the main sources of stress for students of nursing and the evolution of the stressors when training in nursing competences. [from abstract]

Additional Years of Australian Rural Clinical School Undergraduate Training Is Associated with Rural Practice

The objective of this study was to understand the influence of the number of years spent at an Australian rural clinical school on graduates’ current, preferred current and intended location for rural workforce practice. [from abstract]

Short and Long-Term Transfer of Urethral Catheterization Skills from Simulation Training to Performance on Patients

Although training on simulators is common, little is known about the transfer of learned skills to real clinical practice. This study aimed to evaluate the short- and long-term effects of urethral catheterization simulated skills training on performance on real patients and to examine whether watching a video of the procedure immediately before assessment enhanced clinical performance. [from abstract]

Scaling up Health Worker Production: The Bottlenecks and Best Buys Approach

This technical brief presents an overview of an approach to help identify critical bottlenecks to providing quality preservice education and prioritize affordable actions for increasing the quantity of graduates while maintaining or improving the quality of education. [from publisher]

Innovative Financing Options for the Preservice Education of Health Professionals

This technical brief presents a summary of the forms of financing proposed or documented through an exploration of innovative solutions for the financing of health worker education. [from publisher]

Development and Validation of the Competence in Evidence Based Practice Questionnaire (EBP-COQ) among Nursing Students

Nursing educators need rigorously developed instruments to assess competency in evidence based practice (EBP) at undergraduate level. This study aims to develop a psychometric test of the EBP competence questionnaire among undergraduate nursing students. [adapted from abstract]

Role of SimMan in Teaching Clinical Skills to Preclinical Medical Students

Medical simulation is considered to bridge the gap between the classroom and clinical environment, and it enables learners, from novice to expert to practice and develop clinical skills without any fear of harm to patients. This study evaluated the effectiveness of simulation training in developing clinical skills in pre-clinical medical students. [adapted from author]

Language, Culture and International Exchange of Virtual Patients

This research evaluated whether it would be feasible to use virtual patients (VPs), a learning system designed to simulate encounters between a patient and a healthcare professional, for and educational program in a medical school in Romanian, with cases in English and developed in a non-Romanian setting.

Medical Residents' Perceptions of Their Competencies and Training Needs in Health Care Management: An International Comparison

The authors’ objective was to explore if the perceived deficiencies and needs for management training among Dutch residents were similar to those of their peers in other countries, and if a longer duration of the incorporation of a competency framework into curricula as well as management training had an influence on these perceptions. [adapted from author]

Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Education: A Cross-Sectional Study of Medical Students' Preferences and Attitudes

The authors surveyed medical students to assess preferences and attitudes about quality improvement and patient safety education to determine how these important skills could best be integrated into the curiculum. [adapted from abstract]

Exploration of Student Experiences of Using Biology Podcasts in Nursing Training

The aim of this study was to explore nursing students’ perceptions of the usefulness of supplementary biology podcasts for their learning. [from abstract]

Tracking University Graduates in the Workforce: Information to Improve Education and Health Systems in Tanzania

The authors discuss the overlooked but significant role of universities in collecting, managing, and using human resources data in Tanzania and in other countries struggling to build their health workforce. They present options for Tanzania which are of relevance to other countries developing information systems for human resources for health. [from publisher]

First Steps Towards Interprofessional Health Practice in Tanzania: An Educational Experiment in Rural Bagamoyo District

In this article, the authors describe a pilot program developed by a Tanzania university to train its professional students (dentists, doctors, environmental health officers, nurses, and pharmacists) to work collaboratively with each other and with other health staff at the district level to be sure that staff have the specific skills needed to work in rural districts. [adapted from abstract]

Curricular Transformation of Health Professions Education in Tanzania: The Process and Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (2008-2011)

Muhimbili University launched a transformation of its curricula to better prepare graduates to lead the health system for improved outcomes for Tanzania’s largely rural and underserved population. As the magnitude of curricular change, the process, and implications for improving population health are probably unprecedented in Africa, the authors describe the complex process and specify lessons relevant to health and education. [from publisher]

Emergence of a University of Health Sciences: Health Professions Education in Tanzania

This article traces the history of health professional education in Tanzania and the development of the nation’s first health sciences university. [adapted from publisher]

Partnering on Education for Health: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences and the University of California San Francisco

This article outlines and reviews a multi-university partnership to address the health workforce crisis in Tanzania by enriching health professional education. [adapted from author]

Scaling Up Specialist Training in Developing Countries: Lessons Learned from the First 12 Years of Regional Postgraduate Training in Fiji - a Case Study

In 1997, regional specialist training was established in Fiji, consisting of one-year Postgraduate Diplomas followed by three-year master’s degree programs in anesthesia, internal medicine, obstetrics/gynecology, pediatrics and surgery. The evolution of these programs during the first 12 years is presented in this article. [from abstract]

Evaluating an Evidence-Based Curriculum in Undergraduate Palliative Care Education: Piloting a Phase II Exploratory Trial for a Complex Intervention

The goals of this study were to demonstrate an evidence-based approach towards developing undergraduate palliative care educatio ncurricula and investigate the change in medical students’ self-perceived readiness to deal with palliative care patients and their families. [from abstract]

Effectiveness on Teachers' Training in Assessment Techniques: Participants' Perception

This questionnaire-based survey was carried out to find out the effectiveness of teachers training for medical education faculty on assessment (student evaluation) techniques. [adapted from author]

Effects of Changes in the Pre-Licensure Education of Health Workers on Health Worker Supply (Review)

This review evaluates the available literature to assess the effect of changes in the pre-licensure education of health professionals on health-worker supply. [adapted from abstract]

Assessment of a Complementary Curricular Strategy for Training South African Physicians in a Cuban Medical University

Although the ethical, humanistic and solidarity Cuba’s general medical training program does not provide all skills needed by a general practitioner in South Africa, so Cuba has applied a curricular strategy of 12 complementary courses to develop the requested additional skills. The objective of this study was to determine why the complementary curricular strategy has not been entirely successful and identify possible courses of action for improvement. [adapted from abstract]

Evolution of Global Health Teaching in Undergraduate Medical Curricula

This article traces the evolution of global health teaching in undergraduate medical curricula and presents recommendations for how the discipline might develop in future years. [adapted from abstract]